تأثیر یک برنامه تمرینات واقعیت مجازی (اگزرگیم) بر هماهنگی حرکتی سالمندان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 استاد گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
سالمندی فرآیندی است که طی آن، بیشتر ساختارها و کارکردهای فیزیولوژیکی بدن به صورت تدریجی دچار ضعف و کاهش
 می­شوند. بنابراین افت قابل توجهی در اجرای مهارت­های شناختی و حرکتی سالمندان دیده می­شود. فعالیت بدنی و انجام مداخلات ادراکی حرکتی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی روزمره این افراد تاثیر داشته و باعث کاهش افت عملکرد آنها می­شود؛ لذا هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تاثیر تمرینات واقعیت مجازی بر هماهنگی سالمندان بود.
مواد و روش­ ها
بدین منظور 24 نفر سالمند، در محدوده سنی 75-60 سال به صورت غیر تصادفی در دسترس به عنوان نمونه تحقیق انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه، تجربی (12n=) و کنترل (12n=) تقسیم شدند. پس از گرفتن پیش­آزمون با استفاده از آزمون پوردوپگبورد و آزمون هماهنگی راه رفتن تاندم، مداخله در طی 9 هفته، هر هفته 3 جلسه به مدت یک ساعت به صورت یک روز در میان اجرا گردید و پس از پایان جلسات تمرینی از آنها پس­آزمون گرفته شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها توسط نرم­افزار 24 SPSS و در سطح معناداری "05/0=α" صورت گرفت.
یافته­ ها
نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان داد که تمرینات واقعیت مجازی بر هماهنگی سالمندان تاثیر معناداری داشت. قبل از شروع مداخله، میانگین آزمون­های هماهنگی تاندم گیت و پوردوپگبورد در بین آزمودنی­های دو گروه اختلاف معناداری را نشان نداد، اما بعد از انجام مداخله تفاوت معناداری بین گروه کنترل و تجربی وجود داشت.
نتیجه­ گیری
با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر به نظر می­رسد که از تمرینات واقعیت مجازی می­توان به عنوان یک روش تمرینی جدید و بسیار جذاب برای بهبود هماهنگی افراد سالمند در برنامه­های روزانه مراکز سالمندان استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of a Virtual Reality Training Program (Exergaming) on the Motor Coordination of the Elderly

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed Yousefi Babadi 1
  • Hassan Daneshmandi 2
1 MSc Student in Sport Injuries & Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Sport Injuries & Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Aging is a process in which most of the physiological structures and functions of the body decline gradually. Therefore, there is a significant decrease in the elderly’s cognitive performance and motor skills. Physical activity and cognitive-motor interventions have been documented to be effective in attenuating the process of aging and improving the quality of life in this population. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of virtual reality exercises (exergaming) on the coordination of the elderly.
Materials and Methods: A total of 24 aged people (60-75 years old) were selected using available sampling and then randomly divided into two groups: experimental (n = 12) and control (n = 12). The experimental group performed virtual reality exercises for 9 weeks, 3 sessions per week for an hour. Hand-eye and foot-eye coordination were respectively tested using Purdue Pogboard and tandem walking coordination tests. Data were analyzed via SPSS (version 24) at the significance level of α=0.05.
Results: The results demonstrated that virtual reality exercises had a significant effect on the coordination of the elderly. Prior to the intervention, the average scores of the tandem gait and Purdue Pogboard tests did not show any significant differences between the control and experimental groups, but a significant difference was found after the intervention.
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, it seems that virtual reality exercises can be used as a new and highly attractive training method for improving the coordination of the elderly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Virtual reality exercises
  • Exergaming
  • coordination
  • Elderly
  • aging
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