مروری سیستماتیک بر بازشناسی احساسات از طریق چهره‌ و آهنگ گفتار در افراد مبتلا به پارکینسون

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گفتاردرمانی، گروه آموزشی گفتاردرمانی، دانشکده علوم پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دکتری، گفتاردرمانی، استادیار، گروه آموزشی گفتاردرمانی، دانشکده علوم پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 دکتری، گفتاردرمانی، استادیار، گروه آموزشی گفتاردرمانی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
امروزه درک عواطف موجود در چهره و آهنگ گفتار به عنوان یک عملکرد عاطفی موثر در انتقال پیام‌های ارتباطی شناخته شده است. در بیماران مبتلا به پارکینسون درک عواطف نسبت به کاربرد آن، کمتر مورد توجه محققان واقع شده است؛ لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف مرور پژوهش‌های مرتبط با عملکرد بیماران مبتلا به پارکینسون در بازشناسی احساسات از طریق چهره و آهنگ گفتار صورت گرفت.
مواد و روش­ ها
در مطالعه مروری حاضر، با استفاده مجزا و ترکیبی از کلیدواژه‌های Parkinson's Disease،Recognition ، Processing، Perception، Reception، Vocal Cue، Prosodic Cue، Prosodic Features، Emotional Voice & Face، Perceptual Prosody، Facial Expression، مقالات موجود در پایگاه‌هایPub Med ، Science Direct،Wiley Online Library ،Springer ، Scientific Reports و Google Scholar جستجو شد.
یافته­ ها
از تعداد 119 مقاله‌ی به‌­دست­آمده طی سال‌های 1991 تا سپتامبر 2017 میلادی، 22 مقاله مرتبط مرور شد. بررسی‌ها نتایج متفاوتی را نشان داد. حدود 80 درصد از مطالعات مربوط به پردازش عاطفی از مسیر بیانات چهره و تمام مطالعات مربوط به پردازش آهنگ گفتار در افراد مبتلا به پارکینسون گزارش کرده‌ بودند که عملکرد بیماران در بازشناسی احساسات و مخصوصا عواطف منفی، ضعیف‌تر از گروه کنترل بوده است. بیش از 13درصد کل پژوهش‌های مورد بررسی عملکرد این دو گروه را بدون تفاوت چشمگیر برآورد کرده بودند و حدود 22 درصد از مطالعات به نتایج متغیری رسیده بودند که وابسته به شرایط همراه بیماران بود.
نتیجه­ گیری
به نظر می‌رسد که در بررسی رابطه بین بیماری پارکینسون و بازشناسی یا درک عواطف موجود در چهره یا گفتار، یافته‌های بی‌ثباتی وجود داشته باشد. احتمالا آسیب‌های حرکتی، شناختی یا عاطفی که معمولا در پاتولوژی این بیماری دیده می‌شود، به ‌طور اولیه با آسیب درک عواطف مرتبط نباشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Systematic Review on Emotion Recognition by Facial Expression and Prosody Speech in Patients with Parkinson's Disease

نویسندگان [English]

  • ُSedighe Safaeian 1
  • Davood Sobhani-Rad 2
  • Nahid Jalilevand 3
1 MSc of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Speech Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Perception of emotions through facial expression and speech prosody are known as effective emotional functions in the transmission of communication messages. Research on emotion recognition in patients with Parkinson's disease has less been noticed by the researchers. Therefore, the current study was conducted in order to review the literature on emotion recognition by facial expression and prosody speech in patients with Parkinson's disease.
Materials and Methods: In the current review study, articles were located using specific keywords separately and in combination, including "Parkinson's disease, recognition, processing, perception, reception, vocal cue, prosodic cue, prosodic features, emotional voice and face, perceptual prosody, and facial expression". Articles were gathered from the following databases: PubMed, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, Springer, Scientific Reports, and GoogleScholar.
Results: Out of 119 papers obtained, published between 1991-2017, 22 related articles were selected. Reviews showed different results; more than 80% of the studies related to perception of facial expression and  all studies related to prosody speech reported that emotion recognition in patients with Parkinson’s disease was weaker than that of control group, especially in negative control participants. More than 13% of the studies indicated no significant difference in such performance between the two groups, and the rest of studies reported variable results related to the conditions of patients associated with each study.
Conclusion: According to the results, there were inconsistent findings in examining the relationship between Parkinson's disease and emotion recognition by facial expression or vocal prosody. The motor, cognitive or emotional injuries, which are commonly seen in the pathology of Parkinson's disease, appear to be not primarily related to deficits of emotional perceptions.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Recognition
  • Facial expressions
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Speech
  • Selective damage
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