اثر یک جلسه فعالیت تناوبی استقامتی ویژه فوتسال (FIET) بر کارکرد شناختی بازیکنان فوتسال مبتدی (آزمون هایپوفرونتالیتی موقت)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قوچان، گروه تربیت بدنی، قوچان، ایران

3 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
یکی از مهم­ترین ویژگی­های انسان، وجود کارکردهای عالی کرتکس است. روانشناسان و پژوهشگران علوم اعصاب از دیرباز درصدد بررسی کارکردهای شناختی و کارکردهای مغز بوده­اند. بنابراین هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تغییرات پردازش­های شناختی در حین و پس از فعالیت بدنی تناوبی استقامتی یک جلسه­ای ویژه فوتسال بر اساس نظریه کاهش موقتی فعالیت قشر پیشانی مغز بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
پژوهش حاضر از نوع میدانی و نیمه­تجربی بود. جامعه آماری شامل بازیکنان مبتدی جوان فوتسال شهرستان قوچان بودند که 12 آزمودنی فوتسالیست مبتدی پسر (سن 78/0±16/17 سال، قد 19/4±171 سانتی­متر و وزن 64/6±38/63 کیلوگرم) در این پژوهش شرکت نمودند. متغیرهای مستقل، شدت تمرین و دوره­های زمانی (عامل درون­گروهی) شامل قبل، حین و دقایق 1 و 15 پس از توقف فعالیت تناوبی استقامتی یک جلسه­ای بود. متغیر وابسته نیز شامل میانگین نمرات تداخل محرک کلمه و رنگ توسط نرم­افزار آزمون استروپ بود. نتایج با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه­های تکراری و نرم­افزار SPSS20 تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
یافته­ ها
یافته­ها نشان داد که تفاوت­های معناداری در تداخل شناختی آزمون استروپ بین زمان قبل از شروع آزمون با کارکرد شناختی زمان خستگی ناشی از آزمون تناوبی استقامتی و همچنین بین کارکرد شناختی زمان­های 1 و 15 دقیقه استراحت بعد از پایان آزمون با کارکرد شناختی ناشی از خستگی وجود دارد (0/05=P).
نتیجه­ گیری
بر طبق یافته­ها، به نظر می‌رسد کاهش موقتی فعالیت قشر پیشانی مغز در حین فعالیت بدنی تناوبی استقامتی فوتسال در شدت­های بالا روی می­دهد؛ لذا به مربیان فوتسال توصیه می­شود تا جهت افزایش ظرفیت­های شناختی و روانی افراد در تمرینات خود از تمرین­های خاص تصمیم­گیری و پردازش اطلاعات نیز بهره گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of One Session of Specific-Futsal Intermittent Endurance Test on Cognitive Function of Beginner Futsal Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Samadi 1
  • Ali Akbar Jahandideh 2
  • Amir Dana 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
2 Islamic Azad University, Quchan Branch, Physical Education Department, Quchan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: One of the most important features of humans is the existence of excellent cortex functions. Psychologists and researchers in the field of neuroscience have long sought to investigate the cognitive functions of brain. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to investigate changes in cognitive processes during and after one session of specific futsal intermittent endurance test based on transient hypofrontality thesis.
Materials and Methods: The current study was a field study following a semi experimental design. The statistical population consisted of young futsal players in Quchan city. A total of 12 male beginner futsal players (age: 17.16±.78 years old, height: 171±4.19 cm, and weight: 63.38±6.64 kg) participated in the study. Independent variables were intensity of exercise and time periods (intra-group factor) included before, during, and 1 and 15 minutes after stopping one session of intermittent endurance activity. The dependent variable included the mean of interference scores of word and color stimulus via the stroop test software. The results were analyzed using repeated measures of ANOVA and SPSS (version 20) software.
Results: The results showed that there were significant differences in cognitive interference by stroop test between the time before the start of the test and cognitive function of the fatigue time due to the intermittent endurance test as well as the cognitive function of 1 and 15 minutes of rest after the end of the test and cognitive function due to fatigue (P = 0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, it seems that transient hypofrontality during physical activity of the futsal intermittent endurance occurs at high intensities. Therefore, it is recommended that futsal coaches use specific decision-making and information processing training to increase their cognitive and psychological capacities in their exercises.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Futsal Intermittent Endurance Test
  • cognitive function
  • Stroop test
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