تاثیر شش هفته تمرینات ترکیبی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی و عملکرد فیزیکی بعد از شیمی رمانی در بیماران مبتلا به سرطان روده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد آسیب‌شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
سرطان رشد غیرطبیعی سلوه ایی است که توانایی حمله یا گسترش به سایر قسمت­های بدن را دارند و درمان آن با عوارض جانبی فیزیکی و روانی زیادی در ارتباط است. در سرطان روده، توسعه سرطان از روده بزرگ یا راست­روده است و ورزش به عنوان یک استراتژی امیدوارکننده برای درمان برخی از این عوارض روانی و فیزیکی در حین و بعد از سرطان مورد استفاده قرار می­گیرد. هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی شش هفته تمرینات ترکیبی بر بهبود کیفیت زندگی و عملکرد فیزیکی بعد از شیمی­درمانی در بیماران مبتلا به سرطان روده بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در مطالعه نیمه­تجربی حاضر با طرح پیش­آزمون-پس­آزمون و گروه کنترل، 14 فرد 70-50 ساله مبتلا به سرطان روده وجود داشتند. افراد مورد مطالعه به صورت نمونه در دسترس و به طور تصادفی به دو گروه تمرین (7 نفر) و کنترل (7 نفر) تقسیم شدند. قبل و پس از شش هفته تمرین ریلکسیشن و هوازی 40 تا 70 دقیقه و سه جلسه در هفته، بهبود کیفیت زندگی با پرسش­نامه کیفیت زندگی سازمان بهداشت جهانی و عملکرد فیزیکی با تست راکپورت ارزیابی شد.
یافته ­ها
نتایج تحلیل t نمونه زوج تفاوت معناداری در بهبود کیفیت زندگی (بعد جسمانی (13/10-=t)، روان­شناختی (86/16-=t)، روابط اجتماعی (49/14-=t)، محیطی (62/8-=t)) و عملکرد فیزیکی (72/6-=t) در پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون گروه تمرین نشان داد و نتایج تحلیل t مستقل تفاوت معناداری در بهبود کیفیت زندگی (بعد جسمانی (38/9-=t)، روان­شناختی (80/15-=t)، روابط اجتماعی (98/10-=t)، محیطی (62/8-=t)) و عملکرد فیزیکی (24/5-=t) بین دو گروه نشان داد (001/0=p).
نتیجه­ گیری
به نظر می­رسد تمرینات ترکیبی منجر به بهبود کیفیت زندگی و عملکرد فیزیکی بیماران مبتلا به سرطان روده می­شود. به متخصصین توصیه می­شود جهت بهبود کیفیت زندگی و عملکرد فیزیکی بیماران تمرینات ورزشی مد نظر قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Six-Weeks of Mixed Exercises on Improving Quality of Life and Physical Performance after Chemotherapy in Patients with Colon Cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Abdollahi 1
  • Seyed Sadradin Shojaedin 2
1 Master of Pathology and Corrective Movement, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Pathologic and Corrective Movements, Faculty of Physical Education and Rehabilitation, Kharazmi University, Tehran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that is capable of attacking or spreading to other parts of the body resulting in many physical and psychological side effects. Colon cancer is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum and exercise is used as a promising strategy to treat some of these psychological and physical complications during and after cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate six weeks of mixed exercises on improving quality of life and physical performance after chemotherapy in patients with colon cancer.
Materials and Methods: In a semi-experimental study with pretest-posttest and control group, 14 individuals aged 50-70 years with colon cancer were present. The participants were randomly divided into two groups of exercise (n=7) and control (n=7). Before and after six weeks of relaxation and aerobic training for 40-70 minutes, three sessions a week, improving quality of life was assessed using World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire and physical performance with Rockport Test.
Results: The results of t-test showed a significant difference in improving the quality of life (physical dimension ( t=-10. 13), psychological (t=-16.86), social relationship (t=-14. 49), environment (t=- 8.62), and physical function (t=-6.72) in the pre-test and post-test of the training group and independent t-test results showed a significant difference in the improvement of quality of life (physical dimension (t=-9.38), Psychological (t=-15. 80), social relationship (t=-10.98), environmental (t=-8.62), and physical function (t=-5.24) between the two groups (P=0.001).
Conclusion: It seems that mixed training leads to improve the quality of life and physical functioning of patients with colon cancer. Professionals are recommended to improve the quality of life and physical functioning of the patients in sports exercises.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aerobic exercise and relaxation
  • Quality of life
  • physical functioning
  • colon cancer
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