مقایسه شایستگی حرکتی کودکان دبستانی چاق، دارای اضافه‌وزن و طبیعی شهر تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد تربیت بدنی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار تربیت بدنی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی خوارزمی تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استاد تربیت بدنی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی خوارزمی تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
مطالعات نشان می‌دهد شاخص توده بدنی تأثیر منفی بر اجرای مهارت‌های حرکتی بنیادین دارد. هدف از مطالعه حاضر مقایسه شایستگی حرکتی کودکان دبستانی چاق، دارای اضافه‌وزن و طبیعی شهر تهران بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در مجموع 402 کودک مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. شاخص توده بدنی با استفاده از اندازه‌گیری قد و وزن و با توجه به رفرنس سازمان بهداشت جهانی تعیین شد. شایستگی حرکتی با استفاده از فرم کوتاه آزمون بروینینکس-اوزرتسکی-2 اندازه‌گیری شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه و آزمون‌های تعقیبی توکی استفاده شد.
یافته ­ها
نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان داد بین میانگین نمرات شایستگی مهارت حرکتی کلی و شایستگی حرکتی درشت با شاخص توده بدنی مختلف تفاوت معنی­داری وجود دارد. همچنین مطابق با نتایج آزمون تعقیبی توکی در خرده­آزمون‌های کنترل بینایی، قدرت، هماهنگی دوسویه، تعادل، سرعت و چابکی در سطح خطای 05/0≥P اختلاف معنی‌داری مشاهده شد، اما بین سطوح شاخص توده بدنی در سایر خرده­مقیاس‌ها و شایستگی حرکتی ظریف اختلاف معنی‌داری مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه ­گیری
با توجه به اینکه شاخص توده بدنی، مهارت‌های حرکتی بنیادین و مشارکت فعالیت بدنی را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد و بالعکس، به نظر می‌رسد یکی از راه‌های پیشگیری و کاهش چاقی و اضافه‌وزن در کودکان افزایش شایستگی حرکتی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Motor Competence in Obese, Overweight, and Normal Primary School Children in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed Sabzevari 1
  • Neda Shahrzad 2
  • Abbas Bahram 3
1 1. Master of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Physical Education, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor of Physical Education, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: It has been shown that Body Mass Index (BMI) has a negative effect on the competence in performing fundamental movement skills. The purpose of the present study was to compare the motor competence in obese, overweight, and normal primary school Children in Tehran.
Materials and Methods: A total of 402 children were examined. BMI was determined using height and weight measurements according to the World Health Organization reference.Motor competence was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky-2 short form. Also, One-way Variance and Tukey post-test tests were used to differentiate between the variables.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of total motor competence as well as gross motor competence and different BMI. Also, according to the results of Tukey post-test, there were significant differences in the error level of pConclusion: Given that BMI affects fundamental motor skills and physical activity participation, and vice versa, it seems that one of the ways to prevent and reduce obesity and overweight in children is to increase motor competence.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motor Competence
  • children
  • Body Mass Index
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
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