بررسی اثر حاد تمرین مقاومتی با و بدون محدودیت جریان خون بر شاخص‌های مرتبط با هایپرتروفی عضلانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد بیوتکنولوژی، گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بوشهر، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
امروزه تحقیقات بسیاری انجام شده است که در آن­ها تغییرپذیری زیادی در پاسخ فاکتور رشد شبه ­انسولینی-1 و میوستاتین به روش­های مختلف تمرین ورزشی وجود دارد؛ از این رو، هدف از مطالعه حاضر "بررسی اثر حاد تمرین مقاومتی با و بدون محدودیت جریان خون بر شاخص­ های مرتبط با هایپرتروفی عضلانی" بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
30 دختر بسکتبالیست با دامنه سنی 30-23 سال به‌طور تصادفی به سه گروه ده تایی: تمرین مقاومتی سنتی (‌با شدت 280 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه)، تمرین مقاومتی با محدودیت جریان خون (با شدت 30 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه) و گروه کنترل (فقط محدودیت جریان خون و بدون تمرین) تقسیم شدند. تمرین با یک ست 30 تکرار شروع و با دو ست تکرار تا حد خستگی با استراحت 30 ثانیه‌ای پایان یافت. نمونه‌گیری خونی قبل از شروع و بلافاصله پس از اتمام تمرین صورت گرفت. از آزمون تی زوجی برای مقایسه تغییرات درون‌گروهی و آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک‌طرفه برای مقایسه تغییرات بین گروهی استفاده گردید.
یافته­ ها
مقایسه درون ­گروهی، عدم تغییر معنی­ دار در میزان سرمی فاکتور رشد شبه­انسولین-1 (05/0P>) و همچنین کاهش معنی­دار میوستاتین (05/0P<) در دو گروه تمرینی در مقایسه با پیش­آزمون را نشان داد. در مقایسه بین گروهی نیز تنها میزان میوستاتین کاهش معنی­داری در هر دو گروه تمرینی در مقایسه با گروه کنترل داشت (05/0P<).
نتیجه­ گیری
بر اساس نتایج تحقیق حاضر، اثر تمرین با محدودیت جریان خون با شدت پایین بر سطوح سرمی فاکتور رشد شبه­انسولین-1 و میوستاتین مشابه تمرین مقاومتی بدون محدودیت جریان خون با شدت بالا می­باشد. این­گونه به نظر می­رسد می­توان از تمرین مقاومتی با شدت پایین همراه با محدودیت جریان خون در دختران فعال و ورزشکارانی که در دوره بازتوانی هستند، یا به هر دلیلی توانایی بلند کردن وزنه سنگین را ندارند، به جای تمرین مقاومتی با شدت بالا استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey on the Acute Effect of Resistance Training with and without Blood Flow Restriction on Muscle Hypertrophy Indicators

نویسندگان [English]

  • Robabeh Mohammadi 1
  • Roghayyeh Afroundeh 2
  • Mojdeh Khajehlandi 3
  • Mehrdad Mohammadian 4
1 MSc in Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Assistant Professor in Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 PhD Student in Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
4 MSc in Biotechnology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bushehr Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Many studies have been conducted with a high degree of variability in the response to insulin-like growth factor-1 and myostatin in various exercise trainings. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to survey the acute effect of resistance training with and without blood flow restriction on the muscle hypertrophy indicators.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 female basketball players with the age range of 23-30 years were randomly divided into three groups (10 athletes in each group): traditional resistance training (80% 1RM), resistance training with blood flow restriction (30% 1RM), and control group (blood flow restriction without exercise). The exercise started with a set of 30 repetitions and ended with two sets of repetitions until fatigue with a 30-second rest period. Blood samples were taken before and immediately after the exercise. Paired sample t-test was used to compare intra-group changes and one-way ANOVA was used to compare between group changes.
Results: Intra-group changes indicated no significant change in serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (P>0.05) and a significant decrease in myostatin (P<0.05) in the two training groups as compared to the pretest. In between group comparison, there was a significant increase only in myostatin levels in both training groups compared to the control group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the results, the effect of blood flow restriction exercise training on serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 and myostatin in female athletes was similar to that of exercise training without blood flow restriction. It seems that for those who are in rehabilitation period or cannot lift heavy weight, low intensity resistance training with blood flow restriction can be used instead of high intensity resistance training.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resistance Training
  • Blood flow restriction
  • Hypertrophy
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