تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات با و بدون تراباند بر دامنه حرکتی، حس عمقی، قدرت و کیفیت زندگی زنان میانسال غیرفعال مبتلا به استئوآرتریت زانو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد حرکت اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی امدادگری ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد جنوب، تهران، ایران

2 دکترای تخصصی حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
به نظر می­رسد تمرینات تراباند با درگیر کردن تعداد بیشتری از تار‎های عضلانی در اثر فعال شدن دوک‎های عضلانی و بهره­مندی از ویژگی الاستیک یا کشسانی عضلات، سازگاری‎های عملکردی مختلفی در عضلات به وجود می‎آورند؛ بنابراین هدف از مطالعه حاضر "بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات با و بدون تراباند بر دامنه حرکتی، حس عمقی، قدرت و کیفیت زندگی زنان میانسال غیرفعال مبتلا به استئوآرتریت زانو" بود.
مواد و روش­ ها
با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و در دسترس تعداد 30 نفر (سن 43/5±98/42 سال، قد 78/3±66/162 سانتی­متر، وزن 49/4±08/58 کیلوگرم، شاخص توده بدنی 89/1±97/21 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) به­عنوان نمونه انتخاب و به­صورت تصادفی به سه گروه 10 نفره تمرین با تراباند، بدون تراباند و کنترل تقسیم شدند. پیش از انجام پروتکل تمرینی پرسشنامه KOOS تکمیل و اندازه‎گیری دامنه حرکتی و حس عمقی زانو، قدرت عضلانی پاها و کمر اندازه‎گیری شد. در انتهای هفته هشتم، پس­آزمون به­مانند پیش­آزمون تکرار شد. از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس برای بررسی نتایج استفاده شد. همچنین، از آزمون t وابسته برای مقایسه میانگین‎ها در دو مرحله قبل و بعد از آزمون، در سطح معناداری 05/0P≤ استفاده شد.
یافته ­ها
مقایسه گروه تراباند با گروه کنترل و بدون تراباند نشان داد دامنه حرکتی، حس عمقی، قدرت عضلات بازکننده­های زانو و کیفیت زندگی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (05/0>P).
نتیجه­ گیری
نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان می‎دهد که انجام تمرینات ورزشی با تراباند توسط بیماران مبتلا به استئوآرتریت به طور کامل امکان­پذیر و تاثیرگذارتر بوده است. احتمال می‎رود این تمرینات بتواند به­عنوان یک روش تمرینی ایمن و مؤثر در بهبود حس عمقی، دامنه حرکتی، قدرت عضلانی و کیفیت زندگی زنان مبتلا به استئوآرتریت زانو مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Eight Weeks of Training with and without Traband on the Range of Motion, Proprioception, Strength, and Quality of Life in Sedentary Middle-Aged Women with Knee osteoarthritis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Karimi 1
  • Seyed Sadradin Shojaedin 2
1 Master of Rehabilitation and Sport Pathology - Sports Assistance, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Azad University, Southern Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Biomechanic and Sport Injury, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: It seems that by involving a greater number of muscle fibers of the muscle spindle and through the benefit from elastic characteristics of muscles, Traband training can result in different functional adaptations in muscles. The study aimed to investigate the effect of eight weeks of training with and without Traband on a range of motion, proprioception, strength, and quality of life in middle-aged inactive women with knee osteoarthritis.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 individuals (42.89±5.43 years, height 162.63±3.78 cm, weight 58.08±4.49 kg, and body weight 21.99±1.89 kg/m2) were selected as a sample and randomly divided into three groups of 10 Traband, without Traband, and control. KOOS questionnaire was completed before the training protocols and range of motion, knee proprioception, and muscle strength of legs and lower legs were measured. At the end of the eighth week of the test, measurements were repeated as posttest. Analysis of covariance was used to check the results. Also, the t-test was run for before and after the test comparison, at a significance level of P ≤ 0/05.
Results: Comparison of the Traband group with the control group without Traband showed that there was a significant difference in the range of motion, profound sense, knee opener muscle strength, and quality of life(P < 0/05).
Conclusion: The results showed that exercise with Traband by patients with osteoarthritis is completely feasible and effective, and the exercise is likely a safe and effective exercise to improve proprioception, range of motion, muscle strength, and quality of life in women with knee osteoarthritis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Traband exercises
  • Range of motion
  • Proprioception
  • Muscle strength
  • knee osteoarthritis
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