بررسی شیوع کمردرد و ارتباط آن با فعالیت بدنی و شاخص توده بدنی در معلمان زن مدارس شهر اردبیل در سال 1397

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 عضو هئیت علمی و دانشیار گروه طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 عضو هئیت علمی و استادیار گروه طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2019.111759.2094

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
کمردرد یکی از شایع­ترین صدمات شغلی است. معلمی از جمله مشاغلی است که به خاطر ماهیت کاری با خطر بروز کمردرد همراه است. هدف مطالعه حاضر، بررسی شیوع کمردرد و ارتباط آن با فعالیت بدنی و شاخص توده بدنی در معلمان بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در مطالعه میدانی حاضر، 289 نفر معلم زن با دامنه سنی 24 تا 60 سال و با میانگین شاخص توده بدنی 88/26، با رعایت قانون تصادفی انتخاب مدارس به صورت خوشه­ای انتخاب و در پژوهش شرکت کردند. از مقیاس VAS و پرسش­نامه بِک به ترتیب به منظور سنجش میزان کمردرد در دوره­های مختلف زندگی و میزان فعالیت بدنی استفاده شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از آزمون همبستگی اسپیرمن استفاده شد.
یافته ­ها
نتایج  تحقیق حاضر نشان داد بین شیوع کمردرد و فعالیت بدنی در دوره­های مختلف زندگی ارتباط قوی و منفی وجود دارد (01/0P<)، به طوری که ارتباط بین میزان کمردرد در حال حاضر و فعالیت بدنی (224/0-=ICC و 001/0=P) بین کمردرد در شش ماه گذشته و فعالیت بدنی (239/0-=ICC و 001/0=P) بین کمردرد در سال گذشته و فعالیت بدنی (284/0-=ICC و 001/0=P) و نیز بین کمردرد در طول عمر و فعالیت بدنی (269/0-=ICC و 001/0=P) ارتباط معنادار وجود دارد. همچنین بین شیوع کمردرد در طول عمر و BMI (05/0>P) ارتباط معنادار و مثبت است.
نتیجه­ گیری
با توجه به ارتباط قوی و در جهت منفی، بین شیوع کمردرد در دوره­های زمانی مختلف زندگی و فعالیت بدنی و همچنین ارتباط در جهت مثبت بین شیوع کمردرد و شاخص توده بدنی، به نظر می­رسد داشتن یک فعالیت منظم ورزشی می­تواند سلامتی بیشتر ناحیه کمر معلمان زن را فراهم کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Epidemiology of Low Back Pain and Its Relationship with Physical Activity and BMI in Female Teachers in Ardabil City in 1397

نویسندگان [English]

  • Leila Ahadnezhad 1
  • Hooman Minoonejad 2
  • Yusef Moghadas Tabrizi 3
1 MA, Corrective Exercise and Sport Injury, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Biomechanic and Sport Injury, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Biomechanic and Sport Injury, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Backgrounds and Aims: Low back pain is one of the most common occupational injuries, and teaching is one of the jobs that is associated with the risk of developing low back pain due to the nature of the work. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of the back pain and its relevance to physical activity and body mass index in teachers.
Materials and methods: In the current field study, 289 female teachers, aged between 24 and 60, with average body mass index of 26.88, were selected using random and cluster sampling methods. The VAS scale and Baecke questionnaire, respectively, were used to measure the rate of low back pain in different periods of life and physical activity in the participants. Spearman correlation test was used for data analysis.
Results: The results showed that there was a strong and negative relationship between the prevalence of low back pain and physical activity in different life periods (P <0.05). Also, there was a significant relationship between current low back pain and physical activity (ICC=-0.244, P=0.001). The same relationship also was found between low back pain in the past six months and physical activity (ICC=-0/239/0 and P=0.001), between low back pain in the past year and physical activity (ICC=-0.264, P=0.001), and between low back pain during the life expectancy and physical activity (ICC=-0.269; P=0.001). In addition, there was a significant relationship between BMI and prevalence of low back pain during the life (P <0.05).
Conclusion Given a strong relationship between the prevalence of low back pain in different periods of life and physical activity, as well as the positive relationship between low back pain and BMI, it seems that having a regular exercise can lead to better health in the lumbar region of female teachers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Low back pain
  • physical activity
  • Body Mass Index
  • teacher
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