بررسی مقایسه‌ای درک و تولید مقوله‌های تصریفی اسم بین کودکان فارسی‌زبان بهنجار و کودکان مبتلا به اتیسم با عملکرد بالا با سن تقویمی 9-7 سال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار زبان‌شناسی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، ایران

2 استاد، روانپزشک، سازمان بهزیستی استان تهران، ایران

3 استادیار زبان‌شناسی، دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان، ایران

4 کارشناس ارشد زبان‌شناسی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
کودکان بهنجار زبان را در فاصله زمانی مشخصی فرا می‌گیرند، اما این امر در مورد کودکان طیف اتیسم به گونه‌ دیگر است. در اختلال طیف اتیسم بنا به دلایلی تکلم کودک دچار نقص می­گردد؛ به عبارت دیگر، یادگیری زبان با انحراف رشد زبانی همراه می‌شود. پژوهش حاضر به بررسی مقایسه‌ای درک و تولید مقوله­ های تصریفی اسم شامل شمار، معرفگی، حالت و مالکیت بین کودکان بهنجار و کودکان مبتلا به اتیسم با عملکرد بالای فارسی‌زبان با سن تقویمی مشابه 9-7 سال می­ پردازد.
مواد و روش ­ها
داده‌های پژوهش حاضر به وسیله 3 خرده­آزمون درک دستوری، تقلید جمله و تولید کلمه آزمون رشد زبان فارسی به دست آمده است. بدین­ منظور، از 15 کودک بهنجار مدارس معمولی و 15 کودک مبتلا به اتیسم با عملکرد بالا از مدرسۀ اتیسم کرمان خواسته شد تا به این آزمون ­ها پاسخ دهند. در ادامه، برای مقایسه میانگین آزمون­ های مورد نظر و مقدار P آن‌ها در هر دو گروه از نرم‌افزار SPSS22 و آزمون t مستقل استفاده گردید.
یافته­ ها
نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد درک و تولید مقوله‌های تصریفی اسم در گروه کودکان بهنجار نسبت به کودکان مبتلا به اتیسم با عملکرد بالا بیشتر بود و تفاوت معناداری بین میانگین درک و تولید آنها در بین این دو گروه وجود داشت (0.05>P).
نتیجه ­گیری
به نظر می‌رسد که کودکان بهنجار عملکرد بهتری در درک و تولید مقوله­های تصریفی اسم نسبت به کودکان مبتلا به اتیسم با عملکرد بالا دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative Study of Comprehension and Production of Inflectional Categories of Noun between Persian-Speaking Typically Developing and High Functional Autistic Children with the Chronological Age of 7-9

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Ali Ahangar 1
  • Mahmoud Reza Etminan 2
  • Parya Razmdideh 3
  • Fahimeh Ebrahimi Pour 4
1 PhD, Associate Professor of Linguistics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran
2 PhD, Professor, Psychiatrist, Welfare Organization of Tehran Province, Iran
3 PhD, Assistant Professor of Linguistics, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Iran
4 MA Graduate of Linguistics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Language acquisition naturally takes place in a certain space of time in typically developing children, but this is different in children with Autism spectrum. In Autism spectrum disorder, the child’s speech is defective for some reasons, and, in fact, language acquisition is accompanied by a deviation from language development. The present study aimed to provide a comparative study of the comprehension and production of inflectional categories of noun including number, definiteness, case, and possession between 7-9 year-old high functional autistic Persian-speaking children and their typically developing peers.
Materials and Methods: In the current study, the research data were gathered through three sub-tests: grammatical understanding, sentence imitation, and word production of Persian Told test. To this end, 15 typically developing children from ordinary schools and 15 high functional autistic children from Autism school in Kerman city were asked to answer the tests. Then, SPSS software, version 22.0, was used running t-test to compare the means between the groups.
Results: The research results showed that the comprehension and production of inflectional categories of noun in typically developing children were higher compared with those with high functional autism and there was a significant difference between the typically developing children and children with high functional autism in comprehension and production (P<0/05).
Conclusion: It seems that the typically developing children have a better performance in understanding and producing inflectional categories of noun compared with children with high functional autism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Comprehension and Production
  • Inflectional Categories of Noun
  • High Functional Autistic Children
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