تاثیر هشت هفته تمرینات اصلاحی منتخب بر درد و وضعیت سربه‌جلو زنان با سینه‌های بزرگ

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 فوق لیسانس حرکات اصلاحی، گروه فیزیولوژی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ایران

2 استادیار حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 فوق لیسانس حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
امروزه دردهای ناشی از ماکروماستیا هزینه­ های درمانی بسیاری بر افراد تحمیل می­کند. ماکروماستیا وضعیتی است که سینه‌ها بیش از حد طبیعی، بزرگ می‌شوند. از مهمترین اثرات جسمی آن تاثیر بر انحناهای گردنی، سینه‌ای و کمری و همچنین درد در این نواحی است؛ بنابراین هدف از تحقیق حاضر، بررسی تاثیر تمرینات اصلاحی منتخب منتخب بر درد و وضعیت سربه­جلو زنان با سینه‌های بزرگ است.
مواد و روش­ ها
در مطالعه حاضر 32 دانشجوی زن با سینه‌های بزرگ (سایز فنجان13) با دامنه سنی 23-28 سال از بین دانشجویان زن دانشگاه ارومیه به‌‌ صورت هدفمند انتخاب و به ‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه کنترل و تجربی تقسیم شدند. اندازه‌ِگیری میزان درد در ناحیه گردن توسط توسط مقیاس VAS و میزان زاویه سر­به­ جلو با عکس ­برداری دیجیتال از نیم­ رخ بدن با استفاده از نرم ­افزار اتوکد در پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون به عمل آمد. پس از اجرای هشت هفته تمرین اصلاحی منتخب سنتی-موضعی بر روی گروه تجربی، برای تجزیه­ و ­تحلیل آماری از آزمون شاپیرو-ویلک،‌ تی زوجی و تی مستقل با سطح اطمینان 95 درصد استفاده ‌شد.
یافته ­ها
یافته­ های تحقیق حاضر نشان داد برنامه تمرینی اصلاحی منتخب موجب کاهش معنی‌داری با سطح اطمینان 95 درصد در میزان زاویه سربه ­جلو و درد گردن در زنان با سینه‌های بزرگ شده‌است.
نتیجه­ گیری
به نظر می‌رسد تمرین اصلاحی با تحت کشش قرار دادن عضلات کوتاه­شده، تقویت عضلات ضعیف، افزایش جریان خون عضلات، ریلکس شدن عضلات آنتاگونیست و متعاقبا افزایش دامنه حرکتی گردن منجر به کاهش میزان عوارض ناشی از سینه­ های بزرگ شده است؛ لذا انجام این تمرینات می‌تواند در کسب فواید جسمی و کاهش درد و بهبود کنترل پاسچرال در فعالیت روزانه این افراد حائز اهمیت باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Eight Weeks of Selected Corrective Training Program on Pain and Forward Head Posture in Females with Large Breasts

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdieh Maleki 1
  • Narmin Ghani Zadeh Hesar 2
  • Torkan Abbasi 3
1 MSc in Corrective Exercises, Exercise Physiology and Corrective Exercises Department, Sport Sciences Faculty, Urmia University, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Corrective Exercises and Sport Pathology, Department of Exercise Physiology and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
3 MSc in Corrective Exercises and Sports Injuries, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Macromastia is a condition according to which the breasts grow larger than normal. The most important complications of large breasts include cervical, thoracic, and lumbar curves as well as pain in these areas. The present study was conducted to examine the effect of selected corrective exercises on the pain and neck status of females with large breasts.
Materials and Methods: In the current study, 32 females, aged 23-28, who had large breasts (cup size 13) participated on a voluntary basis. Participants were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. In the pre- and post-test sessions, the neck pain was evaluated using VAS pain scale and forward head posture was assessed via digital photos of half a neck. Then, experimental group performed training program for eight weeks. Finally, Shapiro wilk test and paired t-test at 95% significance level were run to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that neck pain decreased, and forward head posture improved significantly.
Conclusion: According to the results, we found that eight weeks of corrective training, by reducing elongated muscles, strengthening weakness muscles, increasing muscle blood flow, relaxing antagonist muscles and subsequently increasing neck range of motion, has led to reduction in the incidence of complications from enlarged breasts. Considering the high impact of the training group, it is suggested that corrective training program be used to improve the essential factors for the females with large breasts.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Large breasts
  • Pain
  • Forward Head Posture
  • Corrective Exercises
  • Female
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