اثرتمرینات ثبات مرکزی بر تعادل و نمرات آزمون عملکرد حرکتی فوتبالیست های نوجوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد تهران شرق، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی ، واحد تهران شرق ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران ، ایران

3 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی ، واحد تهران شرق ، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه واهداف
استفاده از آزمون­ها و طرح یک برنامه پیشگیری از آسیب برای پیشرفت در هر رشته ­ای کمک ­کننده است. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین پایداری ناحیه مرکزی بدن بر تعادل و عملکرد حرکتی فوتبالیست‌های باشگاه متین بابل بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
تعداد 30 فوتبالیست مرد نوجوان که همگی از سلامت عمومی برخوردار بودند، به‌طور داوطلبانه در تحقیق حاضر شرکت کردند که به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه کنترل و تجربی تقسیم شدند. از آزمودنی‌ها قبل از شروع تمرینات، آزمون تعادل پویا توسط تست Y، تعادل ایستا با آزمون لک­لک و آزمون عملکرد حرکتی (FMS) به عنوان پیش‌آزمون به عمل آمد. آزمودنی­ها به مدت 8 هفته تمرینات ثبات مرکزی را انجام داده و پس از اتمام تمرینات از دو گروه کنترل و تجربی پس‌آزمون به عمل آمد. برای محاسبه میانگین و انحراف استاندارد قد، وزن و شاخص توده بدن آزمودنی­ ها و نیز گزارش نتایج اندازه ­گیری­های هر گروه از آمار توصیفی و برای مقایسه دو گروه از آزمون t مستقل و همبسته در سطح معناداری 0/05>P استفاده شد.
یافته­ ها
یافته ­های تحقیق حاضر نشان داد که بین دو گروه کنترل و تجربی در پس‌آزمون تفاوت معناداری وجود داشته و گروه تجربی عملکرد بهتری در آزمون تعادل پویا در جهت قدامی (0/001=p)، جهت خلفی-داخلی (0/001=p)، جهت خلفی-خارجی (0/001=p)، نمره کل آزمون تعادل پویا (0/001=p)، آزمون لک­لک (0/001=p) و نیز نمره کلی آزمون عملکرد حرکتی (FMS) (p<0/003) نسبت به گروه کنترل از خود نشان دادند.
نتیجه­ گیری
نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان داد که تمرینات پایداری ناحیه مرکزی بدن می­تواند در بهبود تعادل ایستا و پویا و آزمون عملکرد حرکتی (FMS) بازیکنان فوتبال نقش بسزایی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Core Stability Training on the Balance and FMS Scores of Adolescent Soccer Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolrasoul Daneshjoo 1
  • Atena Eslami 2
  • Seyed Kazem Mousavi Sadati 3
1 PhD, Assistant Professor of Sport Biomechanic, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science , East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Master in Corrective Exercises, Department of Corrective Exercises and Sport Injuries, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD, Assistant Professor of &nbsp;Motor Behavior, Department of and Physical Education and Sport Science , East Tehran Branch, &nbsp;Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Using pre-injury tests and designing a harm-prevention program for progress are essential in any discipline. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of core stability exercise on balance and functional movement screen of soccer players in Babol Matin club. 
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 healthy adolescent soccer players volunteered to participate in the study, and then randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Before the beginning of the exercise, participants performed dynamic balance test by Y-test, static balance with Lak Lak test and Functional Movement Screen test (FMS) as a pre-test. Players performed core stability exercise for eight weeks and after completing the exercises, post-test was conducted.  Descriptive statistics were used to examine mean and standard deviation as well as participants' height, weight, and body mass index and to report the results of the measurements for each group. In addition, for comparison of both groups, independent and independent t-tests, at a significance level of P <0.05, were used.
Results:  The findings of the study showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the post-test, and that the experimental group had better performance in anterior (p = 0.001), internal posterior (p=0.001), external posterior directions (P=0.001) and the total score on the dynamic balance test (p=0.001), the Lak Lak test (p=0.001), and the overall score of functional movement screen test (p<0.003).
Conclusion: The results of the cutteny study showed that core stability training of the central body could plays a significant role in improving the static and dynamic balance and Functional Movement Screen test (FMS) of soccer players.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Static balance
  • dynamic Balance
  • Core central body
  • Functional movement screen
  1. Sarshin A. The Effect of Whole Body Vibration Training on Dynamic Balance in Male Athletic Students. MA Thesis. University of Kharazmi. 2007. [In Persian].##
  2. Guskiewicz KM, Perrin DH, Gansneder BM. Effect of mild head injury on postural stability in athletes. Journal of athletic training. 1996;31(4):300. ##
  3. Fredericson M, Moore T. Muscular balance, core stability, and injury prevention for middle-and long-distance runners. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics. 2005;16(3):669-89. ##
  4. Bobbert MF,Van Zandwijk JP. Dynamics of force and muscle stimulation in human vertical jumping. 1999. ##
  5. Zazulak BT, Hewett TE, Reeves NP, Goldberg B, Cholewicki J. Deficits in neuromuscular control of the trunk predict knee injury risk: prospective biomechanical-epidemiologic study. The American journal of sports medicine. 2007;35(7):1123-30. ##
  6. Lederman E. The myth of core stability. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2010;14(1):84-98. ####
  7. Sato K, Mokha M. Does core strength training influence running kinetics, lower-extremity stability, and 5000-M performance in runners? The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2009;23(1):133-40. ##
  8. Nesser TW, Lee WL. The relationship between core strength and performance in division in female soccer players. Journal of exercise physiology online. 2009;12(2). ##
  9. Robinson RL, Nee RJ. Analysis of hip strength in females seeking physical therapy treatment for unilateral patellofemoral pain syndrome. Journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy. 2007;37(5):232-8. ##
  10. Brumitt J, Dale RB. Functional rehabilitation exercise prescription for golfers. Athletic Therapy Today. 2008;13(2):37-41. ##
  11. Mannion A, Dvorak J, Taimela S, Müntener M. Increase in strength after active therapy in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients: muscular adaptations and clinical relevance. Schmerz (Berlin, Germany). 2001;15(6):468-73. ##
  12. Cichanowski HR, Schmitt JS, Johnson RJ, Niemuth PE. Hip strength in collegiate female athletes with patellofemoral pain. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2007;39(8):1227-32. ##
  13. Pantano KJ, White SC, Gilchrist LA, Leddy J. Differences in peak knee valgus angles between individuals with high and low Q-angles during a single limb squat. Clinical Biomechanics. 2005;20(9):966-72. ##
  14. Gerberding JL, Falk H, Arias I, Wallace D, Ballesteros M. Preventing falls: how to develop community-based fall prevention programs for older adults. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, Georgia. 2008. ##
  15. Carpes FP, Reinehr FB, Mota CB. Effects of a program for trunk strength and stability on pain, low back and pelvis kinematics, and body balance: a pilot study. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2008;12(1):22-30. ##
  16. Petrofsky JS, Cuneo M, Dial R, Pawley AK, Hill J. Core strengthening and balance in the geriatric population. Journal of Applied Research in Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics. 2005;5(3):423. ##
  17. Sekendiz B, Cug M, Korkusuz F. Effects of Swiss-ball core strength training on strength, endurance, flexibility, and balance in sedentary women. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2010;24(11):3032-40. ##
  18. Wieczorkowski MP. Functional movement screening as a predictor of injury in high school basketball athletes. 2010. ##
  19. Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom B. Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function–part 1. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2006;1(2):62. ##
  20. Parenteau-G E, Gaudreault N, Chambers S, Boisvert C, Grenier A, Gagné G, et al. Functional movement screen test: A reliable screening test for young elite ice hockey players. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2014;15(3):169-75. ##
  21. Brown M. The ability of the functional movement screen in predicting injury rates in division I female athletes: University of Toledo; 2011. ##
  22. Chorba RS, Chorba DJ, Bouillon LE, Overmyer CA, Landis JA. Use of a functional movement screening tool to determine injury risk in female collegiate athletes. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT. 2010;5(2):47. ##
  23. Thijs Y, Van Tiggelen D, Willems T, De Clercq D, Witvrouw E. Relationship between hip strength and frontal plane posture of the knee during a forward lunge. British journal of sports medicine. 2007. ##
  24. Coughlan GF, Fullam K, Delahunt E, Gissane C, Caulfield BM. A comparison between performance on selected directions of the star excursion balance test and the Y balance test. Journal of athletic training. 2012;47(4):366-71. ##
  25. Reiman MP, Manske RC. Functional testing in human performance: Human kinetics; 2009. ##
  26. Sorenson EA. Functional movement screen as a predictor of injury in high school basketball athletes: University of Oregon; 2009. ##
  27. Willson JD, Dougherty CP, Ireland ML, Davis IM. Core stability and its relationship to lower extremity function and injury. JAAOS-Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2005;13(5):316-25. ##
  28. McGill SM,Childs A, Liebenson C.Endurance times for low back stabbilization exercises clinical targets for testing and training  from a normal database. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation.1999 Aug 1;80(8):941-4##
  29. Cosio-Lima LM, Reynolds KL, Winter C, Paolone V, Jones MT. Effects of physioball and conventional floor exercises on early phase adaptations in back and abdominal core stability and balance in women. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2003;17(4):721-5. ##
  30. Araujo S, Cohen D, Hayes L. Six weeks of core stability training improves landing kinetics among female capoeira athletes: a pilot study. Journal of human kinetics. 2015;45(1):27-37. ##
  31. Skotnicka M, Karpowicz K, Barkowiak S, Strzelczyk R. The impact of the corrective and stability exercises program on the quality of basic movement patterns among dance students. Trends In Sport Sciences. 2017;24(1):31-8. ##
  32. Mitchell UH, Johnson AW, Adamson B. Relationship between functional movement screen scores, core strength, posture, and body mass index in school children in Moldova. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2015;29(5):1172-9. ##
  33. Hertel J, Braham RA, Hale SA, Olmsted-Kramer LC. Simplifying the star excursion balance test: analyses of subjects with and without chronic ankle instability. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 2006;36(3):131-7. ##
  34. Kibler WB, Press J, Sciascia A. The role of core stability in athletic function. Sports medicine. 2006;36(3):189-98. ##
  35. Mascal CL, Landel R, Powers C. Management of patellofemoral pain targeting hip, pelvis, and trunk muscle function: 2 case reports. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 2003;33(11):647-60. ##
  36. Akuthota V, Nadler SF. Core strengthening. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(3 Suppl 1): S86-S92.. ##
  37. Abt JP, Smoliga JM, Brick MJ, Jolly JT, Lephart SM, Fu FH. Relationship between cycling mechanics and core stability. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2007;21(4):1300-4. ##
  38. Rackwitz B, de Bie R, Limm H, von Garnier K, Ewert T, Stucki G. Segmental stabilizing exercises and low back pain. What is the evidence? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Clinical rehabilitation. 2006;20(7):553-67. ##
  39. Bolgla LA, Malone TR, Umberger BR, Uhl TL. Hip strength and hip and knee kinematics during stair descent in females with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome. journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy. 2008;38(1):12-8. ##
  40. Shojaeddin, SS, Sadeghi, H, Bayat, M. The relationship between muscle endurance and anthropometric characteristics of athletes with lumbar pain in lumbar disorders Movement Sciences. 2009. 12: 23-33. [In Persian]. ##
  41. Taheri karami, Gh, Norinezhad, Z ,Zare, H,. The effect of lower extremity anomalies on the static and dynamic balance of elementary school students in Marvdasht city. Journal of Health and Wellbeing in Schools.2015.3: 10-16. ##