تأثیر تمرینات اصلاحی بر وضعیت شانه و ستون فقرات گردنی و عملکرد بوکسورها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، آذربایجان غربی، ایران.

2 استادیار آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، آذربایجان غربی، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
راﺳﺘﺎی ستون فقرات ﺑﺮ وضعیت طبیعی کتف و عملکرد کمربند ﺷﺎﻧﻪ­ای تأثیر ﻣﯽ­گذارد. ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﯽ­رﺳﺪ ﺗﻤﺮﯾﻨﺎت اﺻﻼﺣﯽ ﺑﺘﻮاﻧﺪ از طریق کاهش ناهنجاری­ های سر و شانه منجر به بهبود عملکرد در ورزشکاران بوکس شود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در پژوهش حاضر تعداد 30 نفر از بوکسورهای رده سنی 16 تا 19 سال شهرستان ارومیه به صورت داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند و بعد از اندازه‌گیری میزان زاویه سر و شانه­ به­ جلو، دامنه حرکتی چرخشی داخلی و خارجی شانه و ارزیابی میزان قدرت عضلات چرخاننده­ی شانه و در نهایت سنجش سرعت و زمان عکس ­العمل با دوربین فیلم ­برداری، به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه کنترل (15 نفر) و تجربی (15 نفر) تقسیم ­بندی شدند. افراد گروه تجربی طی مدت 6 هفته به اجرای تمرینات منتخب همچون حرکت چین­تاک، کشش عضلات سینه ­ای با چوب، ریترکشن کتف با تراباند همراه با چین­تاک، فلکشن شانه و چرخش خارجی شانه با تراباند پرداختند.
یافته ­ها
ﯾﺎﻓﺘﻪ­ﻫﺎی آماری حاصل از روش کواریانس ﻧﺸﺎن داد ﮐﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ اﺻﻼﺣﯽ اثربخشی معناداری ﺑﺮ متغیرهای سربه‌جلو، شانه­ به­ جلو، سرعت، زمان عکس­العمل و قدرت و دامنه چرخشی (داخلی و خارجی) شانه در آزمودنی­ ها دارد.
نتیجه­ گیری
در مطالعه حاضر بر اساس نتایج حاصل از تحقیق مبنی بر بهبود فاکتورهای ذکرشده پیشنهاد می‌شود بوکسورها از این تمرینات به منظور بهبود عملکرد استفاده نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Corrective Exercises on the Shoulder and Cervical Spine Position and the Performance of Boxers

نویسندگان [English]

  • Milad Khalil Khodaparast 1
  • Narmin Ghani Zadeh Hesar 2
1 MSc of Sports Pathology and Corrective Exercises, Department of Exercise Physiology and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, West Azerbaijan, Iran.
2 PhD, Assistant Professor of Sports Pathology and Corrective Exercises, Department of Exercise Physiology and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, West Azerbaijan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The spinal alignment affects the scapular condition and shoulder belt function. It seems that corrective exercises can improve the performance of boxing athletes by reducing head and shoulder abnormalities.
Materials and Methods: In the present study, 30 boxers, aged 16-19 years old, participated voluntarily from Urmia, after measuring the angles of forward head and shoulder, the internal and external shoulder movement of the shoulder, the assessment of the strength of the muscles of the shoulder rotation, and finally the speed measurement and reaction time using a camcorder. Then, they were randomly divided into control (n=15) and experimental (n=15) groups. Experimental group participated in selected exercises during the course of six weeks, including Chin tuck movement, Stretching of the chest muscle with wood, Retraction of the scapula with Thera band, along with chin tuck, shoulder flexion, and external shoulder spin with Thera band.
Results: The findings of the covariance study showed that the corrective exercise has a significant effect on the forward head and shoulder, speed, reaction time, and strength and range of motion (internal and external) of the shoulder in the participants.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, it is suggested that boxers can be use these exercises to improve their performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Abnormalities
  • Athletic Performance
  • Boxing
  • Posture
  • Spine
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