اثربخشی توانبخشی شناختی مبتنی بر حرکت بر جهت‌یابی، حافظه یادگیری، وضعیت شناختی و توجه کودکان دارای اختلال یادگیری غیرکلامی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری روانشناسی کودکان استثنایی، دانشگاه علم و هنر یزد، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان، دانشگاه علم و هنر یزد، ایران

3 دکتری علوم اعصاب‌شناختی، استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه علم و هنر یزد، یزد، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
اختلال یادگیری غیرکلامی، اختلالی است که به واسطه نقص­های حرکتی، بینایی فضایی و مهارت ­های اجتماعی در کودکانی با هوش طبیعی و زبان رشدیافته مشخص می­شود. هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی توانبخشی ­شناختی مبتنی بر حرکت بر جهت ­یابی، حافظه یادگیری، وضعیت­ شناختی و توجه کودکان دارای اختلال یادگیری غیرکلامی بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
مطالعه حاضر از نوع نیمه ­آزمایشی با اجرای پیش ­آزمون-پس­ آزمون می­باشد. جامعه این پژوهش شامل کلیه دانش ­آموزان دارای اختلال یادگیری غیرکلامی شهرستان بافق بود که از این بین 30 دانش­ آموز به صورت در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به دو گروه نمونه و شاهد تقسیم شدند. ابزارهای این پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه عصب-روانشناختی کانرز، پرسشنامه گلدستاین و پرسشنامه رشد حرکتی اوزرتسکی بود. داده­ها با روش تحلیل کوواریانس (انکوا) مورد تجزیه ­و­تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته­ ها
یافته ­ها نشان داد که بعد از اجرای برنامه درمانی، در حافظه یادگیری، توجه و وضعیت­ شناختی کودکان گروه آزمایش بهبود حاصل شد (P<0/001). همچنین برنامه توانبخشی مبتنی بر حرکت بر جهت­یابی کودکان دارای اختلال یادگیری غیرکلامی موثر بود (P<0/01).
نتیجه­ گیری
بنابراین می­توان نتیجه گرفت که برنامه توانبخشی مبتنی بر حرکت می­تواند باعث بهبود وضعیت علائم عصب­ شناختی و جهت­ یابی کودکان دارای اختلال یادگیری غیرکلامی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Motor Based Cognitive Rehabilitation on Orientation, Learning Memory, Attention, and Cognition in Children with Non-verbal Learning Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farangis Demehri 1
  • Elham Darvishi 2
  • Mohsen Saiedmanesh 3
1 PhD in Exceptional Children Psychology, Department of Psychology, Science and Arts University, Yazd, Iran
2 MA, Graduate Students of Clinical Child Psychology, Science and Arts University, Yazd, Iran
3 PhD in Neurocognitive Science, Assistant Professor, Science and Arts University, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Non-verbal Learning Disorder (NLD) is characterized by specific dysfunction in motor, vision spatial, and social skills in patients with normal intelligence and development of language. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of motor based cognitive rehabilitation on orientation, learning memory, attention, and cognition in children with NLD.
Materials and Methods: The present study followed a quasi-experimental (with pretest, posttest, and control group) design. The target population included children with NLD in BAFGH city. A total of 30 children were randomly selected and assigned to experimental and control groups. The instruments used were Conner Psychological Neuropsychological Questionnaire, Goldstein Questionnaire, and Oseretsky Motor Development Questionnaire. The data were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) in SPSS.
Results: The results of the study showed that attention, learning memory, and cognition of experimental group improved after intervention (P<0/001). Also, the results of the statistical analysis showed that motor based cognitive rehabilitation can improve neuropsychological and orientation in NLD children (P<0/01).
Conclusion: According to the results of the statistical analysis, motor based cognitive rehabilitation can improve neuropsychological and orientation in NLD children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Non-verbal learning disorder
  • Motor based cognitive rehabilitation
  • learning memory
  • cognition
  • attention
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