تأثیر ماساژ بر پاسخ آسیب عضلانی، خستگی و درد ناشی از برنامه تمرین تکواندو شامل میت‌زنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه تربیت‌بدنی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 استادیار گروه تربیت‌بدنی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
آسیب عضلانی و کوفتگی و احساس درد تجربه ناخوشایندی است که اغلب ورزشکاران مبتدی آن را تجربه می‌کنند. به همین منظور یافتن راهکار مناسب برای پیشگیری یا کاهش آن از اهمیت زیادی برخوردار است. هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر ماساژ بر پاسخ آسیب عضلانی و خستگی و درد ناشی از تمرینات میت­زنی در دختران تکواندوکار مبتدی بود.
مواد و روش‌ها
18 نفر از تکواندوکاران مبتدی مشکین‌شهر به‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه 9 نفری تجربی (ماساژ) و گروه کنترل تقسیم شدند. بعد از حدود 50 دقیقه گرم کردن و آماده­سازی، هر دو گروه پروتکل تمرین را در 3 تکرار 20 ثانیه میت­زنی و 20 ثانیه استراحت بین هر تکرار انجام دادند و گروه تجربی تحت 30 دقیقه ماساژ قرار گرفتند. میزان کراتین کیناز و لاکتات خون آزمودنی‌ها و همچنین میزان درد با پرسشنامه مگ­گیل در زمان‌های استراحت، بلافاصله بعد از تمرین، بلافاصله بعد از ماساژ، 2 و 48 ساعت بعد از تمرین اندازه‌گیری شد. برای مقایسه درون‌گروهی از آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر و برای مقایسه برون­گروهی از آزمون t مستقل استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها
سطح کراتین کیناز در بلافاصله بعد از تمرین و بلافاصله بعد از ماساژ در هر دو گروه تجربی و کنترل افزایش معنی‌داری را نشان داد (0/001=p). بااین‌حال، 2 ساعت بعد از تمرین در گروه تجربی کاهش ولی در گروه کنترل همچنان افزایش داشت. میزان لاکتات خون در هر دو گروه تجربی و کنترل در همه مراحل نسبت به زمان استراحت به‌طور معنی‌داری بالاتر بود (0/05>p). میزان لاکتات بلافاصله بعد از ماساژ در گروه تجربی افزایش داشت، ولی دو ساعت بعد کاهش یافت؛ به­طوری­که در مقایسه با گروه کنترل کمتر بود (0/05>p). اگرچه شاخص درد در همه زمان‌ها به‌طور معنی‌داری بالاتر از سطح آن در قبل از تمرین بود (0/05>p)، اما در مقایسه بین گروهی بعد از ماساژ میزان درد در گروه تجربی پایین‌تر بود.
نتیجه‌ گیری
نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان داد که اگرچه تمرینات میت­زنی موجب احساس کوفتگی و درد و افزایش سطح کراتین کیناز و لاکتات خون می‌شود، بااین‌حال اعمال ماساژ بعد از انجام این تمرینات، موجب کاهش سطح این شاخص‌های کوفتگی عضلانی و درد می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Massage on Muscle Damage Response, Fatigue, and Pain Following Taekwondo Training Program Including Kick Exercise

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roghayyeh Hajizadeh-Jabdargh 1
  • Roghayyeh Afroundeh 2
  • Farnaz Seifi-Skishahr 2
1 MSc, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Muscle damage, soreness, and pain are unpleasant experiences that most beginner athletes encounter, thus it is important to find a suitable way to prevent or reduce them. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of massage on the response of muscle damage, fatigue, and pain following kick exercises in beginner taekwondo girls.
Materials and Methods: A total of 18 players, aged 20-30 years old, were randomly assigned into experimental (massage) and control groups. Both groups performed 3 repetitions of 20 seconds kick exercises with 20 seconds rest between repetitions and the experimental group received 30 minutes of massage. The level of blood creatine kinase and lactate, and the amount of pain index using McGill pain questionnaire were measured at rest, immediately after exercise, immediately after massage, and 2 and 48 hours after exercise. One way ANOVA with repeated measure and independent t-test were used for studying within subjects effects and between subjects effects, respectively.
Results: The level of CK activity increased immediately after exercise and immediately after massage in both experimental and control groups (P = 0.001). However, it decreased 2 hours after exercise in massage group but it still increased in control group. Blood lactate levels were significantly higher at all measuring times compared to rest time in both groups (p<0.05). Blood lactate increased immediately after massage but it decreased 2 hours after exercise so that it was lower than that of control group (p<0.05). Although pain level was significantly higher at all measuring times compared to pre exercise level, between groups comparison showed that after massage, the pain was lower in the experimental group.
Conclusion: The results of the current study showed that kick exercises can cause fatigue and pain and increase the level of creatine kinase and blood lactate, but applying massage after these exercises will decrease the level of these muscular fatigue and pain indices.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Massage
  • Muscle Damage
  • Fatigue
  • Pain
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