تأثیر خستگی موضعی و عمومی بر متغیرهای میوالکتریکی عضلات منتخب اندام تحتانی در مردان جوان سالم فعال در مهارت پرش-فرود تک پا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

2 استادتمام بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران استادتمام بیومکانیک ورزشی، پژوهشکده علوم حرکتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی دانشگاه بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
با توجه به اینکه خستگی به عنوان پدیده­ای شایع در طی فعالیت ‏های ورزشی و تمرینی شناخته می­شود و فرض بر این است که این پدیده در اغلب موارد باعث اختلال در عملکرد حرکتی افراد و ایجاد آسیب­های مختلف می‏شود، هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثر خستگی موضعی و عمومی بر متغیرهای میوالکتریکی عضلات منتخب اندام تحتانی در مردان جوان سالم فعال در اجرای مهارت پرش-فرود تک­پا از ارتفاع بود.
مواد و روشها
20 آزمودنی مرد جوان سالم فعال در دسترس در تحقیق نیمه ­تجربی حاضر شرکت کردند. برای ایجاد خستگی موضعی از تست وینگیت و برای ایجاد خستگی عمومی ناشی از فعالیت تا حد واماندگی، از آزمون بروس استفاده شد. برای ثبت فعالیت الکتریکی عضلات منتخب اندام تحتانی (سرینی میانی، پهن خارجی، درشت ­نی قدامی، نازکی­نی طویل، دوقلوی داخلی و نعلی) از دستگاه الکترومایوگرافی و برای تحلیل آماری داده­ها، از روش آنوا با اندازه­ های تکراری برای بررسی اثر دو نوع خستگی موضعی و عمومی بر متغیرهای وابسته در سطح معناداری 05/0≥P استفاده شد.
یافته ­ها
نتایج تفاوت معناداری بین اثر خستگی موضعی و عمومی بر میانگین فعالیت نرمالیزه شدۀ عضلۀ سرینی میانی (046/0=P) و میزان فرکانس میانۀ عضلۀ دوقلوی داخلی (019/0=P) را نشان داد، در حالی که بین میانگین و حداکثر فعالیت نرمالیزه ­شده و همچنین فرکانس میانۀ عضلات سرینی میانی، پهن خارجی، درشت­نی قدامی، نازکی­نی طویل و نعلی تفاوت معناداری بین دو نوع خستگی موضعی و عمومی مشاهده نشد (05/0<P).
نتیجه­ گیری
با توجه به یافته ‏های تحقیق حاضر، به نظر می‏رسد که میزان اثر نوع اعمال خستگی موضعی و عمومی بر عملکرد عضلات اندام تحتانی حین اجرای حرکت پرش-فرود تک­پا یکسان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Local and Global Fatigue on the Myoelectric Variables of Selected Lower Limb Muscles in Healthy Young Active Men in Single Jump-Landing Task

نویسندگان [English]

  • Raheleh Nasrabadi 1
  • Heydar Sadeghi 2
  • Mohammad Yousefi 3
1 PhD Candidate in Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Education, Central branch of Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Sports Biomechanics, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran Professor, Department of sports biomechanics, Institute of Motion Science, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Biomechanics, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Since fatigue is known as a common phenomenon during exercise and it is hypothesized that it often impairs motor function and causes various injuries, the purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of local and global fatigue on the myoelectric variables of selected lower limb muscles in healthy young men active in single leg jump-landing task.
Materials and Methods: A total of 20 able-bodied healthy young males participated in the current quasi-experimental study. Wingate and Bruce tests were used to create local and global fatigue, respectively. Electrical activities of selected lower limb muscles (Gluteus Medius, Vastus lateralis, Tibialis Anterior, Peroneus Longus, Gastrocnemius and soleus muscles) were recorded using electromyography device, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures tests were used for data analysis. The significance level was set at P≥0.05.
Results: The results showed a significant difference between the effects of local and global fatigue on the mean normalized middle serine muscle activity (P=0.046) and medial Gastrocnemius muscle midline frequency (P=0.019). However, there was no significant difference between mean and maximum normalized activity and frequency of middle serine, Vastus lateralis, anterior tibia, fibular longus, and soleus (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, it seems that the effects of the types of local and global fatigue on lower limb muscle performance during single jump-landing exercise are similar.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Local fatigue
  • Global fatigue
  • Single jump-landing
  • Electromyography
  1. Winter DA. Human balance and posture control during standing and walking. Gait Posture. 1995;3(4):193–214. ##
  2. McKinley P, Pedotti A. Motor strategies in landing from a jump: the role of skill in task execution. Exp brain Res. 1992;90(2):427–40. ##
  3. Santamaria LJ, Webster KE. The effect of fatigue on lower-limb biomechanics during single-limb landings: a systematic review. J Orthop Sport Phys Ther. 2010;40(8):464–73. ##
  4. Wilke J, Fleckenstein J, Krause F, Vogt L, Banzer W. Sport-specific functional movement can simulate aspects of neuromuscular fatigue occurring in team sports. Sport Biomech. 2016;15(2):151–61. ##
  5. Parijat P, Lockhart TE. Effects of lower extremity muscle fatigue on the outcomes of slip-induced falls. Ergonomics. 2008;51(12):1873–84. ##
  6. Solianik R, Satas A, Mickeviciene D, Cekanauskaite A, Valanciene D, Majauskiene D, et al. Task-relevant cognitive and motor functions are prioritized during prolonged speed–accuracy motor task performance. Exp brain Res. 2018;236(6):1665–78. ##
  7. Hedayatpour N, Arendt-Nielsen L, Farina D. Non-uniform electromyographic activity during fatigue and recovery of the vastus medialis and lateralis muscles. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2008;18(3):390–6. ##
  8. Bisiaux M, Moretto P. The effects of fatigue on plantar pressure distribution in walking. Gait Posture. 2008;28(4):693–8. ##
  9. Willems TM, De Ridder R, Roosen P. The effect of fatigue on plantar pressure distribution during running in view of running injuries. J Foot Ankle Res. 2012;5(1):P33. ##
10. Zhang X, Xia R, Dai B, Sun X, Fu W. Effects of Exercise-Induced Fatigue on Lower Extremity Joint Mechanics, Stiffness, and Energy Absorption during Landings. J Sports Sci Med. 2018;17(4):640–9. ##

11. Olson MW. Trunk extensor fatigue influences trunk muscle activities during walking gait. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2010;20(1):17–24. ##

12. Agres AN, Chrysanthou M, Raffalt PC. The Effect of Ankle Bracing on Kinematics in Simulated Sprain and Drop Landings: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Am J Sports Med. 2019;47(6):1480–7. ##

13. Daoukas S, Malliaropoulos N, Maffulli N. ACL biomechanical risk factors on single-leg drop-jump: a cohort study comparing football players with and without history of lower limb injury. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2019;9(1). ##

14. Ondatje WC, Noffal GJ, Costa PB, Coburn JW. The Biomechanical Effects of Fatigue on Drop-Jump Performance in Basketball Athletes. Fullerton: California State University; 2018. ##

15. Peng H-T. Changes in biomechanical properties during drop jumps of incremental height. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(9):2510–8. ##

16. 1Niu W, Zhang M, Fan Y, Zhao Q. Dynamic postural stability for double-leg drop landing. J Sports Sci. 2013;31(10):1074–81. ##

17. Padua DA, Arnold BL, Perrin DH, Gansneder BM, Carcia CR, Granata KP. Fatigue, vertical leg stiffness, and stiffness control strategies in males and females. J Athl Train. 2006;41(3):294–304. ##

18. Zamporri J, Aguinaldo A. The Effects of a Compression Garment on Lower Body Kinematics and Kinetics During a Drop Vertical Jump in Female Collegiate Athletes. Orthop J Sport Med. 2018;6(8). ##

19. Gerlach KE, White SC, Burton HW, Dorn JM, Leddy JJ, Horvath PJ. Kinetic changes with fatigue and relationship to injury in female runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005;37(4):657–63. ##

20. McLean SG, Fellin RE, Suedekum N, Calabrese G, Passerallo A, Joy S. Impact of fatigue on gender-based high-risk landing strategies. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(3):502–14. ##

21. Boham M, DeBeliso M, Harris C, Pfeiffer R, McChesney J, Berning JM. The effects of functional fatigue on ground reaction forces of a jump, land, and cut task. Int J Sci Eng Investig. 2013;2(21):22–8. ##

22. Tamura A, Akasaka K, Otsudo T, Shiozawa J, Toda Y, Yamada K. Fatigue influences lower extremity angular velocities during a single-leg drop vertical jump. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017;29(3):498–504. ##

23. Erdfelder E, Faul F, Buchner A. GPOWER: A general power analysis program. Behav Res methods, instruments, Comput. 1996;28(1):1–11. ##

24. Sommerich CM, Joines SMB, Hermans V, Moon SD. Use of surface electromyography to estimate neck muscle activity. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2000;10(6):377–98. ##

25. Fernandez‐del‐Olmo M, Rodriguez FA, Marquez G, Iglesias X, Marina M, Benitez A, et al. Isometric knee extensor fatigue following a Wingate test: peripheral and central mechanisms. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013;23(1):57–65. ##

26. Mizrahi J, Verbitsky O, Isakov E. Fatigue-related loading imbalance on the shank in running: a possible factor in stress fractures. Ann Biomed Eng. 2000;28(4):463–9. ##

27. Orishimo KF, Kremenic IJ. Effect of fatigue on single-leg hop landing biomechanics. J Appl Biomech. 2006;22(4):245–54. ##

28. Salavati M, Hadian MR, Mazaheri M, Negahban H, Ebrahimi I, Talebian S, et al. Test-retest reliabty of center of pressure measures of postural stability during quiet standing in a group with musculoskeletal disorders consisting of low back pain, anterior cruciate ligament injury and functional ankle instability. Gait Posture. 2009;29(3):460–4. ##

29. Hug F. Can muscle coordination be precisely studied by surface electromyography? J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011;21(1):1–12. ##

30. Mizrahi J, Verbitsky O, Isakov E. Fatigue-induced changes in decline running. Clin Biomech. 2001;16(3):207–12. ##

31. Proske U, Weerakkody NS, Percival P, Morgan DL, Gregory JE, Canny BJ. Force‐matching errors after eccentric exercise attributed to muscle soreness. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2003;30(8):576–9. ##

32. Hollman JH, Hohl JM, Kraft JL, Strauss JD, Traver KJ. Effects of hip extensor fatigue on lower extremity kinematics during a jump-landing task in women: a controlled laboratory study. Clin Biomech. 2012;27(9):903–9. ##

33. Berger L, Regueme S, Forestier N. Unilateral lower limb muscle fatigue induces bilateral effects on undisturbed stance and muscle EMG activities. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2010;20(5):947–52. ##

34. Rahnama N, Lees A, Reilly T. Electromyography of selected lower-limb muscles fatigued by exercise at the intensity of soccer match-play. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2006;16(3):257–63. ##

35. Pohl MB, Rabbito M, Ferber R. The role of tibialis posterior fatigue on foot kinematics during walking. J Foot Ankle Res. 2010;3(1):1–8. ##

36. Hatfield G. The effects of quadriceps impairment on lower limb kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation during gait in young adults. Dalhousie University; 2009. ##

37. Dingwell JB, Joubert JE, Diefenthaeler F, Trinity JD. Changes in muscle activity and kinematics of highly trained cyclists during fatigue. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2008;55(11):2666–74. ##

38. Guyton AC, Hall JE. textbook of medical physiology. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. ##

39. Gates DH, Dingwell JB. Muscle fatigue does not lead to increased instability of upper extremity repetitive movements. J Biomech. 2010;43(5):913–9. ##

40. Cifrek M, Medved V, Tonković S, Ostojić S. Surface EMG based muscle fatigue evaluation in biomechanics. Clin Biomech. 2009;24(4):327–40. ##

41. Robertson G, Caldwell G, Hamill J, Kamen G, Whittlesey S. Research Methods in Biomechanics. Human kinetics; 2013. ##

42. Wikstrom EA, Powers ME, Tillman MD. Dynamic stabilization time after isokinetic and functional fatigue. J Athl Train. 2004;39(3):247–53. ##

43. Van Lent MET, Drost MR, van den Wildenberg F. EMG profiles of ACL-deficient patients during walking: the influence of mild fatigue. Int J Sports Med. 1994;15(8):508–14. ##

44. Ferber R, Pohl MB. Changes in joint coupling and variability during walking following tibialis posterior muscle fatigue. J Foot Ankle Res. 2011;4(1):6. ##

45. Fitts RH. Muscle fatigue: the cellular aspects. Am J Sports Med. 1996;24(6):9–13. ##

46. Ghram A, Jeribi S, Yahia A, Elleuch MH. Effect of general and local fatigue on postural control during unipedal quiet standing of athlete. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2014;57:192. ##

47. Paillard T. Effects of general and local fatigue on postural control: a review. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2012;36(1):162–76. ##

48. Khalkhali M, Bazrafkan M, Khademi Kalantari K, Rezasoltani A. A Comparative Study of the Effect of Local and General Fatigue on Sense of Force in Healthy Young Men. Sci J Rehabil Med. 2012;1(3):22–8. ##

49. Noori M, Minoonejad H, Seydi F. The effect of functional fatigue on timing of electromyography activity of quadriceps and hamstring muscles during single leg jump-landing task in female athletes. Sci J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2016;21(4):73–82##.