مقایسه‌ی دلسوزی نسبت به خود، شوخ‌طبعی و ناگویی عاطفی در بین مادران کودکان اتیسم با بهنجار در شهر اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، واحد اردبیل، اردبیل، ایران

2 دانشیار روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه محققق اردبیلی ،دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، اردبیل ، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

5 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، واحد اردبیل، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه­ی دلسوزی نسبت به خود، شوخ‌طبعی و ناگویی عاطفی در بین مادران کودکان اتیسم با مادران کودکان بهنجار در شهر اهواز بود.
مواد و روش‌ها
پژوهش حاضر از نوع علی-مقایسه‌ای (علی پس از وقوع) بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را تمامی مادران کودکان بهنجار و تمامی مادران دارای کودکان اتیسم مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز سازمان‌دهی، درمان و توان‌بخشی اختلالات اتیستیک در شهر اهواز در سال 1397-1396 تشکیل دادند. نمونه‌ی این پژوهش با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس با دو گروه 60 مادر کودکان اتیسم و 60 مادر کودکان عادی انتخاب گردیدند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسش‌نامه‌ی دلسوزی به خود (SCS)، پرسش‌نامه‌ی سبک‌های شوخ‌طبعی (HSQ) و مقیاس ناگویی هیجانی تورنتو (TAS-20) بود. جهت آزمون فرضیه‌ها از آزمون تحلیل واریانس استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها
یافته‌ها نشان داد که بین دلسوزی نسبت به خود و ناگویی عاطفی مادران کودکان دارای فرزند اتیسم و مادران کودکان بهنجار تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد، ولی در مورد شوخ‌طبعی تفاوتی بین دو گروه مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه‌گیری
یافته ­های تحقیق حاضر می­تواند برای انجام مداخلات روانشناختی به مادران کودکان اتیسم دستاورد مهمی به شمار رود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Self-Compassion, Humor, and Alexithymia among Mothers of Autism Children with Normal in Ahvaz City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Niloofar Mikaeili 1
  • Seifollah Aghajan 2
  • Noshin Fayezi 3
  • Maryam Rahmati 4
  • Jamal Sooreh 5
1 Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
3 PhD. Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
4 PhD. Student of General Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Psychology, Azad Islamic University, Tehran, Iran
5 PhD. Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The purpose of the present study was to compare self-compassion, humor, and alexithymia between mothers of children with atherosclerosis and mothers of normal children in Ahvaz city.
Materials and Methods: A causal-comparative study was conducted on the statistical population of all mothers of healthy children and all mothers with children with autism referring to the centers for the organization, treatment, and rehabilitation of stomach nerves in Ahvaz city during 2016-2017. The research sample was selected through convenience sampling method. Two groups of mothers with autistic children (n= 60) and normal mothers (n= 60) were selected. The instruments used were a Self-Compassion Inventory (SCS), Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ), and Toronto Emotional Scale (TAS-20). ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses and the significance level was set at p≤0.05.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between self-compassion and emotional negligence of mothers with autistic children and those with healthy children, but there was no difference between the two groups regarding humor.
Conclusion: The findings can be important for psychological interventions for mothers of autistic children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-Compassion
  • Humor and Alexithymia
  • autistic children
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