مروری بر همه گیرشناسی آسیب های ورزشی رشته های بسکتبال، والیبال و هندبال در ایران: مقاله مروری

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر، کرمان، ایران

2 استادیار تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران

3 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
هدف از انجام مطالعه حاضر، بررسی ساختار علمی تحقیقات مرتبط با آسیب­ های رشته ­های ورزشی بسکتبال، والیبال، هندبال و همچنین انجام یک جمع­ بندی مطلوب و ارائه اطلاعات مناسب­ت ری از تحقیقات پیشین که در داخل ایران انجام شده است، می­ باشد.
مواد و روش ­ها
در مطالعه حاضر، جستجوی مقالات در پایگاه های تخصصی صورت پذیرفت و 22 مقاله مرتبط بر اساس معیارهای ورود و خروج انتخاب شد.
یافته­ ها
نتایج نشان داد که اکثر آسیب­ های بسکتبال، والیبال و هندبال در ناحیه اندام تحتانی رخ می­دهد که این آسیب­ ها بیشتر از نوع اسپرین بوده که شامل پیچ­ خوردگی مچ پا و پارگی رباط­های زانو می ­باشد. همچنین بررسی نتایج تحقیق کنونی نشان داد برخورد با بازیکن حریف و گرم نکردن قبل از تمرین به ­عنوان مهم­ترین عوامل ایجاد آسیب در این رشته­ ها به شمار می­رود.
نتیجه ­گیری
با مطالعه تحقیقات موجود در زمینه آسیب­های رشته­ های ورزشی بسکتبال، والیبال و هندبال در ایران نشان داده شد که تفاوت­ های زیادی در ارائه گزارشات این تحقیقات وجود دارد. از جمله تفاوت هایی که می­توان به آن اشاره کرد این است که هر کدام از تحقیقات مذکور برای نوع آسیب، تعریف آسیب، شدت آسیب، محل بروز آسیب، مکانیسم­ های بروز آسیب از الگوی مختلفی و اصطلاحات و واژه­ های خاصی استفاده کرده­ اند و این همسان نبودن اصطلاحات و واژه­ ها امکان جمع­بندی را دشوار می­کند. همچنین می­توان آموزش ­های صحیح، توجه ویژه به گرم کردن ورزشکاران قبل از مسابقه و تمرین توسط مربیان و بازنگری در قوانین به ­ویژه در رشته هندبال را به­عنوان اقدامات پیشگیرانه در نظر گرفت تا در تحقیقات آینده اثر این اقدامات بر کاهش آسیب در این رشته­ ها مورد بررسی قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Epidemiology of Sports Injuries in Basketball, Volleyball, and Handball in Iran: A Systematic Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hasan Kordi Ashkezari 1
  • Abuzar Saadatian 2
  • Hamid Reza Falah Yakhdani 3
  • Saeid Abedinzadeh 3
1 PhD Student of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Yasuj University, Yasuj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the scientific structure of studies related to basketball, volleyball, and handball injuries and to make a good compilation and provide more relevant information from the previous Iranian studies.
Materials and Methods: The search for articles was performed in specialized databases and 22 articles were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: The results showed that most of the injuries in basketball, volleyball, and handball occur in the lower extremities, which is more of the sprain type, which includes ankle sprain and rupture of knee ligaments. Also, the results of the study showed that contact with an opponent and not warming before the practice was considered as the most important cause of injury in these sport fields.
Conclusion: By studying the research on basketball, volleyball, and handball sports in Iran, it has been shown that there are many conflicts in the reports. One of the conflicts that can be noted is that each of the researches used different patterns and terms for the type of injury, definition of injury, severity of injury, location of injury, and mechanisms of injury. This incompatibility of terms makes it difficult to reach a conclusion. It is possible that with correct training, sufficient warming up before competition, and practice by coaches and reviewing rules, especially in handball, as preventive measures, the effects of these measures on reducing injuries in these fields be understood in future studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sport Injuries
  • Basketball
  • Volleyball
  • Handball
  • Iran
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