پاسخ هورمون هپسیدین و متابولیسم آهن به فعالیت مقاومتی دایره ای در مردان تمرین‌کرده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد تربیت ‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری تربیت ‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری تربیت‌ بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
بیشتر تحقیقات تأثیر فعالیت استقامتی بر میزان هورمون هپسیدین و آهن خون را مورد بررسی قرار داده­اند و افزایش سطح هپسیدین و کاهش سطح آهن خون را به دنبال این نوع فعالیت‌ها گزارش کرده‌اند. هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر فعالیت مقاومتی دایره‌ای بر هورمون هپسیدین و متابولیسم آهن در مردان تمرین­کرده بود.
مواد و روش‌ها
در مطالعه نیمه ­تجربی حاضر، 30 نفر از مردان به‌صورت داوطلبانه شرکت کردند که به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه 15نفره فعالیت مقاومتی دایره‌ای و کنترل قرار داده شدند. پروتکل فعالیت مقاومتی دایره‌ای شامل 10 ایستگاه (پرس پا، پرس سینه، جلو بازو با هالتر، زیر بغل سیم‌کش، جلو پا، پارالل، پشت بازو سیم‌کش، زیر بغل قایقی، سرشانه هالتر و پشت پا) بود که مدت­زمان فعالیت در هر ایستگاه 15 ثانیه، مدت ­زمان استراحت بین ایستگاه‌ها 45 ثانیه و شدت تمرین 60 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه بود که در 4 نوبت با فاصله استراحت 3 دقیقه بین نوبت‌ها انجام شد. قبل و بلافاصله بعد از فعالیت مقاومتی به مقدار 5 میلی‌لیتر نمونه خونی از ورید بازویی آزمودنی‌ها گرفته شد و مقادیر هپسیدین، آهن، فریتین سرم و تعداد گلبول‌های قرمز خون مورد اندازه‌گیری قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها
در گروه فعالیت مقاومتی دایره‌ای به دنبال فعالیت سطح هپسیدین (0/031=p) و فریتین (0/001=p) کاهش و سطح آهن خون (0/001=p) افزایش معنی‌داری یافت، اما این تفاوت برای تعداد گلبول‌های قرمز معنی‌دار نبود (0/055=p). در گروه کنترل برای هیچ­یک از متغیرها تفاوت معنی‌داری بین پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون مشاهده نشد (0/05<p). در گروه فعالیت مقاومتی دایره‌ای نسبت به گروه کنترل، مقادیر پس‌آزمون هپسیدین (0/012=p) کمتر و مقادیر آهن سرم (0/05=p) بیشتر بود.
نتیجه ‌گیری
در نهایت می‌توان گفت که 60 دقیقه فعالیت مقاومتی دایره‌ای با 60 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه حرکات موجب کاهش سطح هپسیدین و افزایش سطح آهن خون می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Response of Hepcidin Hormone and Iron Metabolism to Circuit Resistance Exercise in Trained Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roghayyeh Afroundeh 1
  • ameneh pourrahim Ghouroghchi 1
  • Reza Fathi 2
  • Mojdeh Khajehlandi 3
  • MohammadEbrahim Bahram 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 MSc, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 PhD Student, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
4 PhD Student, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Most studies have investigated the effect of endurance activity on the levels of blood hepcidin and iron and they have been reported to increase hepcidin and decrease iron levels after this type of activities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute effect of circuit resistance activity on hepcidin hormone and iron metabolism in active men.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 trained men participated in the current study on a voluntary basis and were randomly divided into two circuit resistance exercise and control groups (n=15). The study protocol was circuit resistance exercise consisting of 10 stations (leg press, chest press, barbell curl, lat pull down, leg extension, parallel, triceps pushdown, seated cable row, barbell shoulder press, and leg curl); the duration of activity at each station was 15 seconds, the rest between stations was 45 seconds and the intensity of activity was 60 percent of one maximum repetition, that was performed in 4 sets with 3 min rest between the sets. Five ml blood samples were obtained before and immediately after resistance exercise from participants' antecubital vein and the levels of serum hepcidin, iron, ferritin and RBC were measured.
Results: In circuit resistance exercise group, the levels of blood Hepcidin (p=0.031) and Ferritin (p=0.001) decreased and the level of blood iron (p=0.001) increased significantly. But the changes in red blood cells count was not significant (p=0.055). In control group, no significant difference was not observed between pre-test and post-test for any of the variables (p>0.05). The amount of post-test Hepcidin level (p=0.012) and blood iron were significantly lower and higher in circuit resistance exercise group compared to those of control group, respectively.  
Conclusion: In conclusion, it can be stated that 60 minutes of resistance circuit activity with the intensity of 60% of 1RM induced a decline in blood hepcidin level and an increase in blood iron level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Circuit resistance exercise
  • Anemia
  • Ferritin
  • Hepcidin
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