تأثیر امواج الکترومغناطیس گوشی همراه بر دستگاه شنوایی؛ مطالعه مروری نقلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

گروه شنوایی‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم‌پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

اهداف: در سال‌های اخیر استفاده از گوشی همراه افزایش یافته و بیش از 6/1 میلیارد مصرف‌کننده در سراسر جهان دارد. استفاده گسترده از گوشی همراه گمانه‌زنی در مورد خطرات احتمالی میدان‌های الکترومغناطیسی فرکانس بالا را بر سلامت افزایش داده است. گوشی‌های همراه تشعشعات میکروویو در محدوده فرکانس‌های هشتصد تا دو هزار مگاهرتز را دریافت و ارسال می‌کند و با توجه به نزدیکی گوشی‌های همراه به سر در مدت استفاده، دستگاه شنوایی و مغز بیش از بقیه بخش‌های بدن در معرض تشعشعات قرار دارند. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی مطالعات انجام‌شده در این زمینه انجام شده است.
مواد و روش‌ها: با استفاده از پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی وب آو ساینس، پابمد و گوگل اسکالر مطالعات مرتبط با موضوع جمع‌آوری و بررسی شد.
یافته‌ها: از میان 191 مقاله به‌دست‌آمده 48 مقاله مرتبط با موضوع مورد بررسی انتخاب و بر اساس مورد مطالعه ( انسانی یا حیوانی) و مدت مواجهه ( کوتاه‌مدت و بلندمدت) مرتب شدند.
نتیجه‌گیری: مطالعاتی که اثرات کوتاه‌مدت امواج الکترومغناطیس بر سلامت و دستگاه شنوایی را مورد پژوهش قرار داده‌اند، تأثیرات قابل‌ توجهی را گزارش نکرده‌اند. با وجود این، در بیشتر مطالعاتی که اثرات طولانی‌مدت را بررسی کرده‌اند، تأثیرات چشمگیری مشاهده شده است. اجرای مطالعات بیشتر به جهت تعیین اینکه بعد از چه مدت‌زمانی از استفاده گوشی همراه تغییرات قابل‌اندازه‌گیری می‌شود، ضروری به نظر می‌رسد تا بتوان اقدامات لازم برای حفاظت از سلامت دستگاه شنوایی را انجام داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Electromagnetic Fields from Mobile Phones on the Hearing System: A Narrative Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azadeh Borna
  • Mehri Maleki
Department of Audiology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Mobile phone use has increased in recent years and there is more than 1.6 billion users worldwide. This has increased speculations about the potential dangers of high-frequency Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) on health. Mobile phones receive and transmit microwave radiation in the frequency range of 800-2000 MHz, and due to the proximity of mobile phones to the head during use, the hearing system and brain are more exposed to radiation compared to other parts of the body. The present study aims to review the studies conducted on examining the effect of EMF from mobile phones on the hearing system.
Methods: In this narrative review study, the search was conducted in Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web of Science databases on the related studies.
Results: The studies investigating the short-term effects of EMF on the health of auditory system did not report significant effects, but most of those conducted on its long-term effects showed significant effects.
Conclusion: Further studies are needed to determine how long after the use of mobile phones the effects can be measured so that the necessary measures can be taken to protect the health of the hearing system.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Electromagnetic fields
  • Mobile phone
  • Radio frequency waves
  • Auditory System
  • Hearing impairment
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