اثر آزمایشات کنترل حرکتی بر حس عمقی و کنترل حرکت کمر در بیماران کمردردی مبتلا به اختلال کنترل حرکت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

گروه آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد ساری، ساری، ایران.

10.22037/jrm.2020.113706.2430

چکیده

اهداف: بیماران مبتلا به کمردرد غیراختصاصی مزمن دچار اختلال در حس عمقی و کنترل حرکت کمر هستند و این اختلالات با میزان درد این بیماران ارتباط دارد. هدف از مطالعه حاضر، بررسی تأثیر آزمایشات کنترل حرکتی بر حس عمقی و کنترل حرکات کمر بیماران مبتلا به کمردرد غیراختصاصی مزمن است.
مواد و روش‌ها: 48 بیمار مبتلا به کمردرد مکانیکی با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه اوسوستوری انتخاب شدند و به ‌طور تصادفی به دو گروه آزمایشات کنترل حرکت (25 نفر) و گروه کنترل (23 نفر) تقسیم شدند؛ گروه آزمایشی هشت هفته آزمایش تعیین‌شده را انجام داد و گروه کنترل هیچ آزمایشی انجام نداد. برای سنجش حس عمقی و کنترل حرکت کمر بیماران به ‌ترتیب از گونیامتر و آزمون کنترل حرکت لوماجوگی استفاده شد. برای مقایسه درون‌گروهی بین متغیرها از آزمون تی زوجی و برای مقایسه بین‌گروهی متغیرها از آزمون تی مستقل استفاده شد (0/05≥P).
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که تفاوت معناداری بین پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون گروه آزمایشی در مقایسه با گروه کنترل در متغیر حس عمقی و کنترل حرکت کمر وجود دارد و بین دو گروه تفاوت معناداری مشاهده شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: آزمایشات کنترل حرکت بر افزایش حس عمقی و کنترل حرکت کمر بیماران مبتلا به کمردرد غیراختصاصی مزمن تأثیر داشته و آزمایشات کنترل حرکت می‌تواند بر درمان کمردرد مزمن غیراختصاصی اثرگذار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Motor Control Exercise on Proprioception and Lumbar Motor Control of Women With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain and Motor Control Impairment

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyyedeh Yasaman Asadi
Department of Sport Jnjury and Corrective Exercise, Faculty of Human Science, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Patients with Non-Specific Low Back Pain (NSLBP) experience impairment in proprioception and lumbar motor control which are associated with pain. This study aims to evaluate the effect of motor control exercise on proprioception and lumbar motor control of women with chronic NSLBP and motor control impairment.
Methods: Participants were 48 women with chronic NSLBP who were selected based on the Oswestry Disability Index score. They were randomly assigned into two groups of exercise (n=25) and control (n=23). The exercise group performed 8 weeks of motor control exercises, while the control group did not perform any exercises. To assess proprioception and lumbar motor control of patients, goniometer and Luomajoki’s motor control test were used, respectively. Paired t-test was used for within-group comparison of pre-test and post-test scores, and independent t-test was used for between-group comparison. The significance level was set at 0.05.
Results: There was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores in the exercise group compared to the control group in the variables of proprioception and lumbar motor control. Significant difference was also found between the two groups.
Conclusion: Motor control exercise is effective for the treatment of NSLBP in women by improving their proprioception and lumbar motor control.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motor Control Exercise
  • Proprioception
  • lumbar motor control
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