اثر فعالیت بدنی بر میزان فشار روانی ادراک‌ شده در دوران قرنطینه خانگی ناشی از شیوع ویروس کرونا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی پژوهشگاه علوم ورزشی، تهران، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2020.114158.2503

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
شیوع ویروس کرونا بحران شدیدی در سطح جهان ایجاد کرده است و مسئولین در کشورهای مختلف مجبور به وضع قوانینی برای جلوگیری از گسترش آن شده­اند که آسیب ­های روانشناختی بسیاری را نیز به دنبال داشته است. فعالیت بدنی به‌عنوان یکی از عوامل تاثیرگذار در بهبود شرایط جسمی و روانی افراد شناخته شده است؛ از این رو، هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر فعالیت بدنی بر میزان فشار روانی ادراک‌شده در دوران قرنطینه خانگی کرونا بود.
مواد و روش ­ها
روش اجرای تحقیق حاضر شبه ­تجربی و از لحاظ هدف کاربردی است که به‌ صورت میدانی اجرایی گردید. جامعه آماری این تحقیق شامل کلیه زنان سالم 30 تا 45 سال عضو شبکه­ های اجتماعی بود. در نهایت 24 نفر در دو گروه تجربی و کنترل قرار گرفتند. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات در تحقیق حاضر پرسشنامه فشار روانی ادراک ‌شده بود. گروه تجربی طبق برنامه تمرینی طراحی­شده به انجام فعالیت بدنی پرداختند؛ برنامه به مدت 6 هفته و هفته‌ای سه جلسه و هر جلسه 60 تا 80 دقیقه انجام شد. گروه کنترل در این مدت هیچ مداخله­ای دریافت نکردند و به فعالیت ­های روزمره خود پرداختند. از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس جهت تجزیه ­و­تحلیل داده ­ها استفاده گردید.
یافته ­ها
نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که فعالیت بدنی بر میزان فشار روانی ادراک‌شده در دوران قرنطینه کرونا تاثیر معناداری دارد؛ به­ صورتی ­که فعالیت بدنی توانسته است میزان فشار روانی ادراک ‌شده گروه تجربی را در مقایسه با گروه کنترل به ‌صورت معناداری کاهش دهد.
نتیجه ­گیری
طبق نتایج تحقیق کنونی، فعالیت بدنی به­ واسطه تقویت سیستم ایمنی بدن افراد و همچنین ارتقا سطح ذهنی و روانی آنان سبب می‌گردد تا افراد از توانایی بالاتری برای مواجهه با این ویروس برخوردار باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Physical Activity on the Level of Perceived Mental Pressure during Home Quarantine due to Coronavirus Outbreak

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maliheh Naeimikia
  • Amin Gholami
Assistant Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Institute of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The outbreak of coronavirus has caused a severe crisis in the world and governments in different countries have been forced to enact laws to prevent its spread, leading to experiencing a psychological trauma by most people.On the other hand, physical activity has known to be one of the effective factors in improving people's physical and mental health conditions. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of physical activity on perceived stress during coronavirus home quarantine
Materials and Methods: The current field study followed a quasi-experimental method. The research population included healthy women aged 30 to 45 yearswho were members of Social Media platform groups. A total of 24 individuals were selected and divided into experimental and control groups. Perceived Stress Questionnaire was used to collect data. The experimental group trained based on designed exercise program. They completed training protocol for six weeks, three sessions per week, each session for 60 to 80 minutes.The control group did not receive any intervention during the research period and continued their normal daily activities. Analysis of Covariance statistical method was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that intervention program during coronavirusquarantine had a significant effect on the level of perceived stress in the experimental group. On other word, physical activity program could significantly reduce the perceived mental pressure level of the experimental group.
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, physical activity might improve body's immunity system as well as mental and psychological level, leading to a higher ability to deal with the virus.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Exercise
  • Mental health
  • Pandemic
  • Social media
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