تأثیر تمرین مجددبرون‌گرا بر احساس درد و شاخص‌های کوفتگی عضلانی تأخیری در مردان جوان غیر فعال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

2 ، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

10.32598/sjrm.10.3.3

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: با توجه به وجود نگرانی در میان مربیان در رابطه با رفع هرچه سریع‌تر احساس درد عضلانی، هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر تمرین و تمرین مجدد برون‌گرا بعد از گذشت 24 ساعت از تمرین اولیه بر احساس درد و شاخص‎های کوفتگی عضلانی تأخیری در مردان جوان غیرفعال بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: 16مرد جوان غیرفعال سالم به صورت داوطلبانه در این مطالعه شرکت کردند. آزمودنی‌ها به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه کنترل (8 نفر) و آزمایش (8 نفر) تقسیم شدند. هر دو گروه 70 انقباض برون‌گرا در عضلات خم‌کننده آرنج را با 80 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه انجام دادند. گروه آزمایش تمرین را بعد از گذشت 24 ساعت تکرار کرد. میزان احساس درد عضلانی، سطوح سرمی آنزیم‌های کراتین‌کیناز و لاکتات‌دهیدروژناز قبل، یک، 26، 48 و 72ساعت بعد اندازه‌گیری شدند. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های آماری تی مستقل و تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌های مکرر استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: میزان احساس درد عضلانی و کراتین‌کیناز در هر دو گروه، بعد از فعالیت افزایش معنی‎داری یافت (0/05≥P)، میزان لاکتات‌دهیدروژناز نیز در هر دو گروه افزایش یافت، امّا معنی‎دار نبود (05/P>0). در بررسی تغییرات احساس درد عضلانی، کراتین‌کیناز و لاکتات‌دهیدروژناز بین دو گروه در مراحل مختلف اندازه‎گیری بعد از تمرین، تفاوت معنی‎داری مشاهده نشد (0/05<P).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج حاصل از پژوهش حاضر می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که یک مرحله تمرین مجدد برون‌گرا 24 ساعت بعد از تمرین اولیه نمی‌تواند متغیر تأثیرگذار مهمی بر میزان احساس درد و شاخص‎های کوفتگی عضلانی تأخیری باشد. هرچند تحقیقات بیشتری باید صورت گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Eccentric Retraining on Sensation of Muscle Pain and Delay Onset Muscle Soreness Markers on Sedentary Young Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Forutan Ghojebiglo 1
  • Marefat Siahkohian 1
  • Leila Fasihi 2
1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
2 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabatabaii University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Due to the concerns among trainers about relieving muscle pain as soon as possible, this study aimed to investigate the effect of eccentric retraining on muscle pain and Delay Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) markers in sedentary young men.
Methods: In this study, sixteen inactive healthy young men voluntarily and after written informed consent. Subjects were randomly divided into control (n=8) and experimental (n=8) groups. Both groups performed seventy eccentric contractions in the flexor elbow muscles with 80% of maximal repetition. Muscular pain perception, serum levels of Creatine Kinase (CK), and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) indices were measured before, one, 26, 48 and 72 hours after eccentric training. Independent t-test and Repeated measure analysis variance in the significant level of P≤0.05 used for data analysis.
Results: The sensation of muscle pain and creatine kinase in both groups increased significantly after exercise (P≤0.05), lactate dehydrogenase level was increased in both groups. Still, this increase was not significant (P>0.05). Also, no significant difference in the CK and LDH and pain perception in the measurement stage between the two groups was observed (P>0.05).
Conclusion: This study results showed that retraining isn’t an essential influential variable on muscle pain and DOMS markers. However, more research needs to be done in this area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • muscle pain
  • Muscle soreness
  • Exercise
  • creatine kinase
  • lactate dehydrogenase
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