مقایسه اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی و درد بین افراد وابسته و غیروابسته به اینترنت با تأکید بر سطوح مختلف فعالیت بدنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت‌‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت‌‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 گروه بهداشت و طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت ‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

10.22037/jrm.2020.114231.2509

چکیده

اهداف: جمعیت استفاده‌کنندگان از اینترنت و به دنبال آن افراد وابسته به اینترنت در سراسر جهان در حال افزایش است. اعتیاد به اینترنت می‌تواند مشکلات جسمی و روحی فراوانی را برای افراد به دنبال داشته باشد؛ بنابراین هدف از تحقیق حاضر مقایسه اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی و درد بین افراد وابسته و غیروابسته به اینترنت با تأکید بر سطوح مختلف فعالیت بدنی است.
مواد و روش‌ها: تعداد 202 نفر از دانشجویان کوی دانشگاه تهران به‌ صورت تصادفی وارد روند تحقیق شدند. از پرسش‌نامه اعتیاد به اینترنت یانگ برای بررسی وابستگی به اینترنت و از پرسش‌نامه بین‌المللی فعالیت بدنی برای تعیین سطح فعالیت بدنی استفاده شد. نمونه‌ها در سه سطح غیروابسته به اینترنت (97 نفر)، در معرض خطر وابستگی به اینترنت (81 نفر) و وابسته به اینترنت (24 نفر) و سه سطح فعالیت بدنی کم (101 نفر)، متوسط (63 نفر) و خوب (38 نفر) قرار گرفتند. درد از طریق پرسش‌نامه درد نوردیک و مقیاس دیداری درد و اختلالات اسکلتی عضلانی با استفاده از گونیامتر، خط‌کش منعطف، اینکلاینومتر و کولیس سنجیده شد. برای مقایسه بین گروه‌های پژوهش از روش آماری کوریسکال والیس استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: بین گروه‌های پژوهش در متغیرهای درد نواحی گردن، شانه، ناحیه فوقانی پشت، مچ دست، کمر، آرنج و زانو و همچنین میزان زاویه سربه‌جلو، شانه نابرابر، تیلت جانبی لگن و کایفوز تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت که افراد وابسته به اینترنت با فعالیت بدنی کم بیشترین میزان درد و ناهنجاری و افراد غیروابسته با فعالیت بدنی خوب کمترین میزان درد و ناهنجاری را نشان دادند.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج تحقیق کنونی، استفاده بیش ‌از حد از اینترنت می‌تواند ناهنجاری‌ها و دردهای اسکلتی عضلانی را برای افراد به دنبال داشته باشد، در‌نتیجه آگاه‌سازی افراد نسبت به این عوارض و نحوه صحیح وضعیت‌های بدنی هنگام استفاده از اینترنت و تأثیر مثبت فعالیت بدنی بر سلامت افراد ضروری به نظر می‌رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Pain among Students With and Without Internet Dependence Having Different Levels of Physical Activity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ehsan Abshenas 1
  • Mehdi Takhtaei 2
  • Mohammad Karimizadeh Ardakani 3
  • Mohsen Naderi Beni 1
1 Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 Department of health and sport medicine, Faculty of physical education and sport science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The number of Internet users and those with Internet dependence is growing worldwide. Internet dependence can cause many physical and mental problems for people. The present study aims to compare musculoskeletal disorders and pain between students with and without Internet dependence and having different levels of physical activity.
Methods: Participants were 202 university students. Young’s Internet Addiction Test and International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used to assess their Internet dependency and physical activity, respectively. Samples were divided into three groups of non-internet dependent, at risk of Internet dependence, and Internet-dependent with low, moderate, and good physical activity. Pain was assessed using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale. Goniometer, inclinometer, flexible ruler, and caliper were used to assess musculoskeletal disorders. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the research groups.
Results: There was a significant difference between the study groups in the variable of pain in neck, shoulders, upper back, wrists, lower back, elbows and knees, and disorders of head forward angle, uneven shoulders, lateral pelvic tilt, and kyphosis. Internet-dependent group with low physical activity had higher musculoskeletal pain and disorders, whereas the non-internet dependent group had lower musculoskeletal pain and disorders.
Conclusion: Overuse of the Internet can cause many musculoskeletal disorders and pain. Therefore, it is necessary to inform people about its consequences, the proper posture when using the Internet, and the positive effect of physical activity on the health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Pain
  • Internet addiction
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