تأثیر هشت هفته ماساژ ریلکسیشن بر مهار خستگی ذهنی، تعادل، مکانیک فرود و عملکرد اندام تحتانی در دانشجویان تربیت‌بدنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

10.32598/sjrm.10.3.1

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: خستگی ذهنی معمولاً به دنبال فعالیت‌های طولانی‌مدت شناختی رخ می‌دهد؛ خستگی ذهنی می‌تواند اثرات مهمی بر زندگی روزمره افراد سالم داشته باشد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثرگذاری ماساژ ریلکسیشن بر مهار خستگی ذهنی، تعادل، مکانیک فرود و عملکرد اندام تحتانی در دانشجویان تربیت‌بدنی بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: این پژوهش از نوع نیمه‌تجربی بوده و جامعه آماری آن دانشجویان تربیت‌بدنی بودند. از بین جامعه آماری 30 دانشجو با میانگین سنی 5/5‌±19/5سال، وزن 6/8 ±69/6کیلوگرم، قد 4/5±187/75سانتی‌متر و سابقه ورزشی 1/3±2/66سال، به طور غیرتصادفی و هدفمند بر اساس معیارهای تحقیق انتخاب شده و به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه ماساژ ریلکسیشن (15=n) و کنترل (15=n) تقسیم شدند. خستگی ذهنی با 45 دقیقه فعالیت شناختی اعمال شد. قبل از خستگی ذهنی و پس از هشت هفته تمرینات ماساژ ریلکسیشن، تعادل پویا با آزمون Y، تعادل نیمه‌پویا با دستگاه Lafayette Stability Platform، عملکرد اندام تحتانی با آزمون عملکرد اندام تحتانی، مکانیک فرود با ابزار سیستم امتیازدهی خطای فرود و فیلم مهارت پرش فرود با نرم‌افزار کاینوا ارزیابی شدند. آنالیز داده ها توسط نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 22 با استفاده از آزمون آنوا با اندازه‌گیری مکرر و آزمون تی زوجی در سطح معناداری 0/05=P انجام شد..
یافته‌ها: براساس نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، بین گروه ماساژ ریلکسیشن و گروه کنترل از نظر عملکرد اندام تحتانی، مکانیک فرود، تعادل پویا و تعادل نیمه‌پویا، تفاوت معنی‌داری مشاهده شد (0/001=P).
نتیجه‌گیری: تغییر معنی‌دار فاکتورهای عملکرد اندام تحتانی، مکانیک فرود، تعادل پویا و تعادل نیمه‌پویا در دانشجویان تربیت‌بدنی پس از تمرینات ماساژ ریلکسیشن حاکی از اهمیت پرداختن به این مسئله است و متخصصین پیشگیری از آسیب می‌بایست در معرفی راهکارهای مقابله با وقوع خستگی ذهنی، به مطالعه و تحقیق بپردازند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Eight Weeks of Relaxation Massage on the Mental Fatigue Control, Balance, Lower Extremity Function and Landing Mechanic in Physical Education Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Manouchehr Haidary
  • Marzieh Ghivi
Department of Corrective Exercises and Sport Injuries, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Mental fatigue usually occurs following prolonged cognitive activity. Mental fatigue is a psychological condition that occurs as a result of long-term cognitive activities. Mental fatigue can have significant effects on the daily life of healthy people. This study aimed to investigate the effect of eight weeks of relaxation massage on the mental fatigue control and balance, lower extremity function, and landing mechanic in physical education students.
Methods: This research is a quasi-experimental study, and the statistical population of this study was physical education students. From the statistical population, 30 male students with Mean±SD age= 19.5±5.5 years, weight= 69.6±6.8 kg, height= 187.75±4.5 cm, and sports history= 2.66±1.3 years. They were selected by purposeful and were randomly divided based on Research and Criteria into two groups: control group (n=15) and relaxation massage group (n=15). Before and after relaxation massage, mental exhaustion with 45 minutes of stroke activity (Stroop test), Dynamic Balance with Y test, Semi-dynamic balance with Lafayette Stability Platform, lower extremity function by the Lower Extremity Functional Test (LEFT) test and landing mechanic by LESS, Jump-landing skill film assessment by Auto CAD and Kinovea software were measured. Data analysis was performed in SPSS v. 22 software by using Statistical method of ANOVA test with repeated measures and paired t-test at the significant level P=0.05. 
Results: The results showed that a significant difference was observed between the relaxation massage group and the control group on lower limb function, landing mechanics, dynamic balance, and semi-dynamic balance of physical education students (P=0.001).
Conclusion: Significant changes in lower limb function factors, landing mechanics, dynamic balance, and semi-dynamic balance in physical education students after relaxation massage exercises indicate the importance of this issue. Injury prevention specialists should study and research in introducing strategies to deal with the occurrence of mental fatigue.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Relaxation
  • Massage
  • Mental
  • Fatigue
  • Functional performance
  • Balance
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