تاثیر رقابت رسمی شمشیربازی بر نشانگرهای آسیب عضلانی در زنان شمشیرباز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزش، آموزشکده فنی و حرفه ای سما، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

10.22037/jrm.2020.111029.1705

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
آسیب عضلانی حین و پس از مسابقات، عملکرد ورزشکاران را تحت تاثیر قرار می­دهد. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیر یک دوره مسابقات رسمی شمشیربازی بر سطوح نشانگرهای آسیب عضلانی در زنان شمشیرباز بـود.
مواد و روش ­ها
در یک کارآزمایی نیمه ­تجربی 20 زن شمشیرباز با میانگین سن 03/4±59/21 سال، شاخص توده بدن 13/3±79/20 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع و حداکثر اکسیژن مصرفی 98/4±01/41 میلی­لیتر بر کیلوگرم در دقیقهبه­صورت هدفمند انتخاب و به­ طور تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی و کنترل تقسیم شدند؛ گروه تجربی به ­صورت دوره­ای و تک­حذفی به رقابت شمشیربازی پرداختند. خون گیری قبل، بلافاصله بعد، 24 و 48 ساعت پس از مسابقات انجام شد.
یافته ها
یافته ­ها نشان داد که تفاوت سطوح کراتین کیناز قبل و بلافاصله بعد، قبل و 24 ساعت بعد، قبل و 48 ساعت بعد، بلافاصله بعد و 24 ساعت بعد و 24 ساعت و 48 ساعت پس از مسابقات (0/05<p) معنادار بود. تفاوت بین سطوح کراتین کیناز بلافاصله بعد و 48 ساعت پس از مسابقات معنادار نبود (0/05>p). تفاوت سطوح لاکتات دهیدروژناز قبل و بلافاصله بعد، بلافاصله بعد و 24 ساعت بعد و بلافاصله بعد و 48 ساعت پس از مسابقات معنادار بود (0/05<p)، اما قبل و 24 ساعت و 48 ساعت بعد از مسابقات و 24 ساعت بعد و 48 ساعت پس از آن (0/05<p) معنادار نبود.
نتیجه­ گیری
یافته ­ها نشان داد یک دوره مسابقات می­تواند در شمشیربازان با سابقه نیز منجر به آسیب عضلانی گردد. مربیان و شمشیربازان می­توانند جهت سازگاری بیشتر عضلات و کاهش آسیب های عضلانی مسابقات، در برنامه­ های تمرینی خود زمان و شدت مسابقات را شبیه­ سازی نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of a Formal Fencing Tournament on Levels of Muscle Damage Markers in Fencer Females

نویسنده [English]

  • Baharak Moradi Kelardeh
PhD. in Sport Physiology, Sama Technical and Vocational Training College, Islamic Azad University, Esfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Esfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Muscle injury during and after the competition affects the athletes’ performance. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of a fencing tournament on the levels of muscle damage markers in fencer females.
Materials and Methods: In a semi-experimental research, 20 fencer females (mean age: 21.59 ± 4.03 years, body mass index 20.79 ± 3.13 kg.m-2, and mean VO2max 41.01 ± 4.98 ml.kg-1.min1) were selected purposefully and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group competed fencing periodically and single-off. Blood samples were obtained before, immediately after, 24, and 48 hours after the tournament.
 
Results: The results showed that the differences in CK levels were significant before and immediately after, before and 24 hours after, before and 48 hours later, immediately after and 24 hours later, and 24 hours and 48  hours after the tournament (p < 0.05). The differences between CK levels immediately after and 48 hours after the tournament were not significant (p>0.05). Differences in the levels of LDH before and immediately after, immediately after and 24 hours later, and immediately after and 48 hours after the tournament were significant (p < 0.05), but before, 24 hours and 48 hours after the tournament, and 24 hours later and 48 hours after it (p> 0.05) were not significant.
Conclusions: The findings showed that a tournament can also lead to muscle damage in experienced fencers. Coaches and fencers can simulate the time and intensity of competitions in their workouts in order to be more adaptable to the muscles and reduce muscle injury.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fencing
  • Muscle Damage
  • creatine kinase
  • lactate dehydrogenase
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