تأثیر کینزیوتیپ بر کینماتیک مچ پا هنگام فرود روی سطوح پایدار و ناپایدار در افراد با یا بدون پیچ‌خوردگی مچ پا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران.

2 گروه آسیب‌شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران.

10.32598/sjrm.10.3.12

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف: فرود، ازجمله حرکاتی است که می‌تواند نیروی برخوردی به بزرگی دو تا دوازده برابر وزن بدن ایجاد نماید که اغلب با مکانیسم‌های آسیب اندام تحتانی مرتبط است که کینزیوتیپ، با افزایش حس عمقی، بهبود راستای مفصل، کاهش درد و برداشتن فشار از روی بافت‌های عصبی، جهت پیشگیری پیشنهاد می‌شود؛ بنابراین هدف از تحقیق حاضر، بررسی تأثیر کینزیوتیپ بر کینماتیک مچ پا هنگام فرود روی سطح پایدار و ناپایدار در افراد با یا بدون پیچ‌خوردگی مچ پا است.
مواد و روش‌ها: روش تحقیق حاضر از نوع نیمه‌تجربی با طرح دو گروهی در گروه‌های کنترل (بدون پیچ‌خوردگی مچ پا) و تجربی (با پیچ‌خوردگی مچ پا) بود. تعداد سی نفر از دانشجویان پسر دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان به ‌صورت هدفمند و در دسترس انتخاب و در دو گروه با (پانزده نفر) و بدون پیچ‌خوردگی (پانزده نفر) مچ پا تقسیم شدند. سپس، هر دو عمل فرود روی سطوح پایدار و ناپایدار، با یا بدون کینزیوتیپ را انجام دادند. پارامترهای حداکثر دورسی و پلانتار فلکشن، سوپنیشن، پرونیشن و حداکثر سرعت زاویه ای مچ پا به وسیله سیستم سه بُعدی آنالیز حرکت ثبت شد. تحلیل آماری داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون تی مستقل و آنالیز مکرر واریانس در سطح معناداری 0/05 انجام گرفت.
یافته‌ها: میزان پلانتار فلکشن مچ پا در افراد سالم و پیچ‌خورده هنگام فرود روی سطوح پایدار و ناپایدار با یا بدون کینزیوتیپ کاهش معناداری وجود ندارد (0/07=P)، اما در پارامتر دورسی فلکشن مچ پا در دو گروه، کاهش معناداری وجود داشت (0/001=P). از طرف دیگر، در میزان پرونیشن، کاهش معنادار نبود (0/66=P)، اما در میزان سوپینیشن پا، کاهش معنا‌داری وجود داشت (0/001=P).
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که افراد دچار پیچ‌خوردگی پا نسبت به افراد سالم هنگام فرود با زاویه دورسی فلکشن مچ پای کمتر فرود می‌آیند که می‌تواند به‌عنوان یک عامل خطر برای آسیب مچ پا محسوب شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Kinesio Taping on Ankle Joint Kinematics During Landing on Stable and Unstable Surfaces in Ankle Sprain and Health Persons

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Baghbani 1
  • Mohammadtaghi Amiri-Khorasani 1
  • Abdolhamid Daneshjoo 2
1 Department of Sport Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
2 Department of Pathology and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: Landing is a typical sports motion that can create impact force 2-12 times of body weight, and finally, it’s one of the main reasons for non-contact injuries in ankle ligaments. Specialized. The usual effects of Kinesio tape include increasing proprioception, health direction of joints, reducing pain, and raising pressure on nervous tissue. The study aimed to investigate the effect of Kinesio taping on ankle joint kinematics during landing on stiff and soft surfaces in ankle sprain and healthy persons.
Methods: The method of the present study was quasi-experimental with a two-group design in control groups (without ankle sprain) and experimental (with an ankle sprain). A total of 30 male students of the Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman were purposefully and accessibly selected and divided into two groups with (15 students) and without ankle sprains (15 students). Then, they performed both landing operations on stable and unstable surfaces, with and without Kinesio tape. Maximum dorsi and plantar flexion, supination, pronation and maximum ankle angular velocity parameters were recorded by a three-dimensional motion analysis system. Statistical analysis was performed using independent t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance at the significant level of 0.05.
Results: There was no significant reduction in plantar flexion of the ankle in healthy and twisted individuals while landing on stable and unstable surfaces with and without Kinesio tape (P≤0.07), but there was a significant reduction in the dorsiflexion in both groups(P≤0.001). On the other hand, there was no significant decrease in pronation (P≤0.66), but there was a significant decrease in foot supination (P≤0.001).
Conclusion: Generally, Kinesio tape in recovery ankle movement is offered to persons for ankle sprain. Thus recommendation landing exercises fare with more flexion angle and less knee joint valgus and more dorsiflexion angle at ankle joint and preferable on the unstable surfaces.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • landing
  • Kinematics
  • Kinesio tape
  • Ankle joint
  • Ankle Sprain
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