Comparison of the Effects of Physical Exercises and Anger Control Skill on Reducing Male Teenageers' Aggression

Document Type : Original article


1 Young Researchers and Elite club, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Ph.D student in Sociology, Department of Social sciences, Faculty of Human and Educational Sciences, Tabriz Branch Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

3 MSc in Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 M.A in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human and Educational Sciences, Tabriz Branch Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran


Background and Aim: Aggression is one of the most serious social threats in adolescents that disrupt their physical and mental health. Therefore, the present study aimed to compare the effects of physical exercises and anger control skill on male teenageers' aggression.
Materials and Methods: In the current quasi-experimental study (pre-test and post-test), 40 students at the school of Edalat in Arak city were selected through convenience sampling method. Participants were then non-randomly divided into two experimental groups (20 each). The first group received Physical Exercises (two sessions per week, each one hour) and the second group received Anger Control Skill training (two sessions per week, each one hour). Univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA & MANCOVA) were used to analyze the data.
Results: The findings of the present study showed that the effectiveness of anger control skill in reducing aggression and its components (physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility) were significantly higher than doing physical exercises (p <0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results, anger control skill is more effective in reducing male teenagers' aggression compared with physical exercises.


Main Subjects

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Volume 7, Issue 4
January and February 2019
Pages 143-152
  • Receive Date: 17 March 2018
  • Revise Date: 28 April 2018
  • Accept Date: 09 June 2018
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2018