نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد شنواییشناسی، عضو کادر آموزشی گروه شناییشناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران
2 مربی گروه شنوایی شناسی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
3 استاد آمار زیستی، گروه علوم پایه، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی. تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Speech is the most important part of human's communication. Auditory reception of speech facilitates normal language acquisition and cognitive development. Therefore, precise and early evaluation of speech perception ability in children is highly important. Since the performance of speech recognition test needs word lists with equal difficulty, the present study was designed to compare word recognition score of monosyllabic word lists in 7-9 years Persian speaking children with normal hearing.
Materials and Method: The currentcross-sectional analytic study was performed on 113 Persian speaking children aged 7 to 9 years with normal hearing. After confirming that all participants had normal hearing using pure-tone and immittance audiometry, pictured word recognition score test was performed using four children’s monosyllabic pictured word lists. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods (ANOVA) were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results indicated no significant differences between the mean scores of the four lists in each age group (Pv=0.073). The mean scores of all lists were between 88%-96%. Also, a significant relationship was observed between increased age and increased score of the four lists. (Pv<0.001)
Conclusion: The results showed that the scores of all lists were within the normal range. Since there were no significant differences between list's scores in all age groups, it could be concluded that all the lists were of the same difficulty. Scores of 88% and above at most comfortable level are within the normal range.
10. Bellis TJ. Assessment and Management of Central Auditory Processing Disorders in the Educational Setting From Science to Practice. Second ed: Plural 2011. ##
11. Musiek FE. Assessment of central auditory dysfunction: the dichotic digit test revisited. Ear and Hearing. 1983;4(2):79-83. ##
12. Wilson RH, Jaffe M. Interactions of Age, Ear and Stimulus Complexity on Dichotic Digit Recognition. Journal-American Academy Of Audiology. 1996;7:358-64. ##
13. Moncrieff DW, Musiek FE. Interaural asymmetries revealed by dichotic listening tests in normal and dyslexic children. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 2002;13(8):428-37. ##
14. Rajabpur E, Hajiablohasan F, Tahai SA-A, Jalaie S. Development of the Persian single dichotic digit test and its reliability in 7-9 year old male students. Bimonthly Audiology-Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 2014;23(5):68-77. ##
15. Shahmir B, Hajiabolhassan F, Mohammadkhani G, Tahaei AA, Jalaie S. Development and evaluation of the reliability of Persian version of double dichotic digit test in girls aged 7 to 11 years. Auditory and Vestibular Research. 2015;24(3):164-70. ##
16. Roeser RJ VM, Dunn HH. An introduction to acoustics and psychoacoustics. Audiology: Diagnosis. 2nd ed ed. New York: Thieme; 2007. p. 169-93. ##
17. Alipour A, Agah Haris M. Validity and Reliability of Edinburgh Handedness Inventory in Iran. Psychoscience. 2007; 2(22): 1-10. [In Persian] ##
18. Moghadam M, Yasemi MT, Bina M, Abdolmaleki F, Bagheri Yazdi A. Epidemiologic survey on behavioral disorders on Student in Ghoreh and the reliability and validity of the Rathers questionnaire-teacher Version. SJKU 2001; 7(1): 7-12. [In Persian] ##
19. Rosenberg G. Development of local child norms for the Dichotic Digits Test. Journal of Educational Audiology. 2011;17. ##