رابطه پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت، راهبردهای مقابله ای، و حمایت اجتماعی با افسردگی در میان زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه تحت درمان های پیگیرانه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی، گروه روانشناسی، واحد زنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زنجان، ایران

3 گروه روانشناسی، واحد زنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و اهداف
سرطان سینه شایع­ترین و از نظر عاطفی و روانی تأثیرگذارترین و بعد از سرطان ریه دومین علت مرگ و میر ناشی از سرطان در بین زنان است. مشکلات روان­شناختی ناشی از این بیماری دارای تاثیرات بلندمدتی بوده و با عوامل بسیار زیادی در ارتباط است، از این رو پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه بین راهبرد‌های مقابله­ای، پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت و حمایت اجتماعی ادراک­شده با افسردگی در میان زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه انجام شده است.
مواد و روش‌‌ها
روش پژوهش حاضر از نوع همبستگی بود و به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس تعداد 175 نفر از زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه به عنوان نمونه پژوهشی انتخاب شده و به پرسش­نامه­های افسردگی بک (1998)، پنج عامل بزرگ شخصیت (1992)، حمایت اجتماعی ادراک­شده (1998) و پرسش­نامه مقابله با شرایط استرس­زا (سبک‌های مقابله­ای) (2002) پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با استفاده از رگرسیون گام­به­گام تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها
نتایج ضرایب همبستگی محاسبه­شده نشان داد که بین روان‌رنجور‌خویی و افسردگی همبستگی مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد (01/0P<). بین عامل گشودگی به تجربه، انعطاف­پذیری (01/0P<) و برونگرایی (05/0P<) نیز با افسردگی، همبستگی منفی و معناداری مشاهده شد. بین عامل هوشیاری و افسردگی هیچ رابطه معناداری از لحاظ آماری به دست نیامد. بین حمایت اجتماعی و سبک مقابله­ای مسئله­مدار با افسردگی رابطه منفی و معناداری وجود داشت (05/0P<). همچنین بین سبک حل مسئله هیجان­مدار و اجتنابی (05/0P<) با افسردگی رابطه مثبت و معنادار بود. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده روان‌رنجور‌خویی و سبک حل مسئله هیجان­مدار قادر به پیش­بینی افسردگی در زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه هستند.
نتیجه ­گیری
بر اساس یافته­های پژوهش حاضر زنان مبتلا به سرطان سینه­ای که روان‌رنجور‌خویی بالاتری داشته و بیشتر از سبک حل مسئله هیجان­مدار استفاده می­کنند، نشانه­های مشکلات خلقی را با شدت بیشتری تجربه می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between big five personality traits, Coping styles and Social support with Depression in woman under follow-up for breast cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Amiri 1
  • Behiye Mohamadi2 Mohamadi 2
  • soraya gheydari 3
1 1. Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
2 M.A. Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aims: The present study aimed at investigating the relationship between coping style strategies, big five personality traits, and social support perception and depression among women with breast cancer.
Materials and Methods: In the present correlational study, 175 women with breast cancer were selected using convenient sampling. The participants completed the perception social support questionnaires (1998), Beck depression inventory (1998), coping with stressfully situation inventory (coping style) (2002), and Big five personality trait scale (1992).
Results: Findings of the correlation indicated that neuroticism had a positive relationship with depression (P=0/01). There was also a significant negative relationship between openness to experience, agreeableness (P=0/01), and extraversion (P=0/05) depression. In addition, no statistically significant relationship was observed between consciousness and depression (P=0/05). Moreover, there was a negative and significant relationship between social support and problem-oriented coping style and depression (P=0/05). Furthermore, a significant and positive relationship was observed between problem-solving coping style and avoidance and depression.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, women with more severe neuropathic breast cancer who are more likely to use emotion-focused problem solving styles experience mood symptoms more severely.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Breast Cancer
  • depression
  • Coping Style Strategies
  • Big Five Personality Traits
  • Social Support Perception
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