عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Balance is very important in daily and sport activities and may be related to anthropometric characteristics; nevertheless, this relationship has rarely been examined in non-athlete young females.
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between some anthropometric characteristics and dynamic and static balance in sedentary female college students.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on a 158 Iranian female college students, aged 18-25 years, during 2013-2014. Participants were selected from volunteers of Chabahar University. Anthropometric indices (body height, weight, lower-extremity lengths and widest perimeter, body mass index, and waist–hip ratio) and balance (dynamic and static) were measured. Static balance with opened and closed eyes were measured using Angel Balance Test on a stable surface and dynamic balance was evaluated using Timed to Get Up and Go (T.G.U.G) test. Pearson correlation coefficients were run in data analysis.
Results: A weak negative correlation was found between dynamic balance and shank length (r= -0.164), so was a weak positive correlation between dynamic balance and body mass index (r=0.164). In the eyes-open condition, static balance was related to shank length (r=0.172) with the dominant leg. In the eyes-opened condition with non-dominant leg and eyes-closed conditions, there was no correlation between static balance and anthropometric indices.
Conclusions: In a nutshell, significant mild correlations were observed between balance and some anthropometric indices and it seems that anthropometric indices alone cannot explain the variations in body static and dynamic balance among young healthy sedentary female college students and other factors, such as the sense of sight, vestibular and proprioceptive systems, also play roles in the balance.
10. Irez GB. The Relationship with Balance, Foot Posture, and Foot Size in School of Physical Education and Sports Students. Academic Journals, Educational Research and Reviews. 2014; 9(16): 554-554.##
11. Kim BJ, Lee JY.The relationship between some anthropometric characteristics at different levels of difficulty with balance. Aula Orientalis. 2014; (2): 36-48.##
12. Greve JMDA, Cuğ M, Dülgeroğlu D, Brech GC ,Alonso AC. Relationship between Anthropometric Factors, Gender, and Balance under Unstable Conditions in Young Adults. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. BioMed Research International. 2013; 2013: Article ID 850424.##
13. Parseh A, Solhjoo MH. Studying the relationship between body mass index with speed, agility and balance in male students of 13-15 years old. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, 2015; 5 (S2): 382-387.##
14. Błaszczyk JW, Cieślinska-Świder J, Plewa M, Zahorska-Markiewicz B, Markiewicz A. Effects of excessive body weight on postural control. Journal of Biomechanics, 2009; 42(9): 1295-300.##
15. Shumway-Cook A. Motor Control, theory and practical application. 2nd Edition. Maryland. William & Wilkins, 1995; 222-228.##