عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: The goal of models in occupational therapy is providing a structured format which leads to systematic comprehension in the process of evaluation, intervention, and treatment. Kawa model which is a conceptual model is recently developed in occupational therapy. This model uses a river as a metaphor to represent humans’ life and allows clients to participate actively in the process of treatment. By narrating the life story and depicting symbolically, clients can recognize their problems in the context of their lives preferably.
Materials and Methods: In order to find relevant documents, a number of keywords were searched in medical specialized search engines. In addition, according to Dr. IWAMA’s recommendation who is the founder of the KAWA model, his book was considered as the main reference.
Conclusion: KAWA model can be exploited as a practical occupation-based model and a method for leading different processes in occupational therapy. One of the most significant features of Kawa model is offering an opportunity to clients for depicting their life circumstances very comfortably and calmly. Interviewers should have professional point of view toward concepts of Kawa model. Moreover, interviewers should have adequate experience and appropriate ability to communicate well with clients. Kawa model also helps both client and therapist to reach a better understanding of the client’s problems.
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