عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: The purpose of the present study was to compare the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) between two groups of typical and gifted students.
Material and Method: A sample of 148 male students, aged 12-14, who were selected based on improbable method, were divided into two groups of 75 students in typical school (IQ ranging between 90 and 110) and 73 gifted students (IQs ranging between 110 and 130). Then, they were evaluated using the standard method of RAVLT based on auditory system assessments.
Results: A significant mean value difference (P<0.005) was observed in different stages of RAVLT for the target test groups. There was no significant difference between different ages (P> 0.05); however, the 14-year-old students in both groups had the highest score. There was a high correlation in a same direction between IQ and stages of RAVLT.
Conclusion: In the current study, intelligence was found to have positive effect on getting better scores in RAVLT; in the other words, the gifted students had better memory capacity, but due to complex interactions of different cognitive aspects, finding the causal relationship between these two factors was too complicated, so the detailed studies in this field will help to better understand individuals' mental abilities and to find better means to improve learning.
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