عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aims: Sleep problems and co-morbid sleep disorders like insomnia are common in individuals with severe mental disorders. As part of the continuum of care provided by occupational therapists, sleep-enhancing interventions may be adapted for primary prevention and health promotion. The purpose of this scoping review was to examine existing evidence on sleep interventions for individuals with severe mental disorders that fall within the scope of occupational therapy practice.
Materials and Method: In this scoping review, based on Arksey H, O'Malley (2005), eight online databases (Mag Iran, SID, Iran Doc, Google scholar, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, OT seeker, Psych INFO) were searched to identify articles that addressed sleep interventions for individuals with severe mental disorders. The articles were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Two raters reviewed all documents independently. Articles were categorized according to sleep interventions.
Results: Thirty two studies were identified. Four sleep intervention areas clearly aligned with the occupational therapy practice framework, including cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (n=12), physical activity (n=7), multicomponent interventions (n=5), and other interventions (n=8).
Conclusion: The results have shown that sleep interventions improved sleep quality and health in severe mental disorders. Occupational therapy researchers and clinicians need to work to establish the evidence for occupation-based sleep interventions.